10 Coolest Courses At Drake University

Drake University, a midsized, private university in Des Moines, Iowa, offers courses that keep students interested in learning and reaching for their dreams. Their variety in programs included courses that can’t be found in other universities. Check out 10 of their coolest courses below:

1. BIO 061 – NATURE PHOTOGRAPHY

Photographer photographing an owl

Do you enjoy photographing nature and all the incredible animals that roam the earth? Through BIO 061, you’ll be able to go off-campus and photograph landscapes, flora, and fauna with the class. The course focuses on the content, technique, and composition of your images. Students will use digital SLR cameras and lenses, digital sensors, exposure, and light composition. The best part is that no previous experience is needed, just an interest in learning.

2. WS 004 – SPACE MATTERS

a corner of the earth in space

Gender and space are seen in various novels and movies. One of the primary filters is gender, where ideas of space and the future are sifted and not completely visible. This Women’s Studies course will investigate visual and literary texts while discussing its relevance to various historical contexts, and how it relates to men and women.

3. WS 126 – SALEM WITCH TRIALS

drawing of salem witch trials occurring in a court room

The Salem Witch Trials are an important piece of history that isn’t usually taught through its course. Students will investigate the relationship between the practices and changes in social, political and economic settings since then. Specific topics throughout the semesters include “The Birth of Mass Cultural”. “The 1950’s: Televison Takes on the American Home”, and “The Salem Witch Trials”.

4. BUS 150 – SMALL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT

Handwritten board with the words "Small Business"

Many college students begin their own small businesses before they graduate. With a course like BUS 150, students can feel more secure taking control of their own ideas while understanding what it takes to run a successful business. This course emphasizes the managerial decisions required to start and maintain a business.

5. ASL 070 – DEAF CULTURE

Alphabet letters in American Sign Language

Have you ever wanted to learn American Sign Language? ASL 070 examines its historical development, values, cultural identity, communication, and language of the deaf culture. You’ll also learn about specific members of the deaf community who have made significant societal contributions. The course will also draw comparisons and contrasts between the deaf culture and hearing culture.

6. ART 058 – INTRO TO INTAGLIO PRINTMAKING

Intaglio printmaking consists of creating visual images on a metal plate for press printing. You’ll see how original prints, from antique to contemporary, can be transformed into different visual images. It’s a new skill to learn or a way of enhancing your photography portfolio.

7. EDUC 002 – FOUNDATIONS OF HEALTH & PHYS ED

Gym teacher giving a lesson

Being a health and physical education teacher comes with many years of learning how the body responds to exercise and the importance of staying healthy. EDUC 002 studies the meaning, scope and historical foundation of health and physical education in schools. You’ll leave the semester with the knowledge and skills needed to create your own health and physical education programs.

8. JMC 076 – ADVERTISING PRINCIPLES

Different parts of advertising

Advertisements are everywhere! Have you ever wondered where the ideas originated or how the idea became a full grown billboard in the middle of the street? Students will explore all forms of media, how people consume media, persuasion theories, writing and designing your ideas into advertisements. By the end of the semester, students will plan and execute an ad campaign.

9. LLAB 032 – Natural Hist: Field Arch

Waterfall in the middle of the woods

As part of the Natural History Workshops, these introductory courses are for anyone who is interested in learning more about nature. Students will take off-campus trips to visit parks, nearby mountains, and locations where there is so much to learn about nature.

10. ART 078 – RECYCLE AND REPURPOSE

Recycling sign

Have you ever seen art made out of things you would consider garbage? This really cool course turns discarded or obsolete materials and objects into sculptures. Repurposing traditional objects that many throws away can be a great way to express yourself through art or create a new masterpiece for your dorm room.

While following your specific major’s plan for graduation, try taking some courses that are for pure interest. Those may spark a new hobby or interest that can continue being a part of your life years after graduating. Good luck next semester!

10 Hardest Classes at Olivet Nazarene University

Some classes you take in college will be easier than others. That is all part of the process. But if you’ve ever wondered if some of the classes you’re taking are harder than classes your friends and peers are taking, reading an article like this one will let you know. Below are 10 of the hardest classes at Olivet Nazarene University.

1.ART 466 – Game and VR Development

cartoon of a person using Virtual Reality goggles

While seemingly fun and interesting, this art class is not painting apples and oranges. In ART 466, students create art that responds to commands, while using 3D models and physics to design their own games and virtual reality. This class also includes discussions about the innovation of interacting with media. 

2. COMP 445 – Big Data

Big data business concept cartoon graphic

As intimidating as the name sounds, Big Data (COMP 445) explores further from the pre-requisite COMP 245 and focuses on the issues surrounding the large databases of the day. The topics in this course will vary because of how much the world is ever changing in terms of “big data”. 

3. BIOL 335 – Biochemistry

DNA double helix

If there was one thing to describe difficult, it’s four hours of biology and chemistry combined. Yes, this course is four hours long and delves into the ideas behind life and why we are all here in the first place. It focuses in depth on disease and how it grows and is created, mostly focusing on DNA.

4. BIOL 484 – Molecules and Cell Biology

a cell view from a microscope

Another four hour long biology class, molecules and cell biology also focuses down on the deep level of where we all started: cells. The main goal of this course is to fully understand each and every mechanism that cells have. The goal is also to have students appreciate life because it is just so complicated!

5. EDUC 482 – Student Teaching for Early Childhood Education

picture of a preschool setting with a teacher sitting at a table with 4 young kids

If learning as a college student isn’t hard enough, now they must teach as well. This course gives students experience at preschool and primary school teaching levels, where they will actively teach in a school. To take this course, the student must be a senior or a junior with an exception, must pass the Illinois Subject-Matter Knowledge Test, and must have approval by the Teacher Education Faculty Committee. Even getting into this course is just as hard as the course itself!

6. FREN 342 – Advanced French Conversation

picture of a french flag and speech bubbles in front of it

In this course, students will speak in French, present in French, learn in French, sing in French, cry in French… you get the idea. It’s no walk in the park, especially for somebody who doesn’t natively speak French. Students must complete a French pre-requisite before getting into this course, unless they have consent from the instructor.

7. BSNS 416 – Healthcare Lean Process Improvement

healthcare professionals looking at a patient's chart

BSNS 416 is a course all based on improving the medical healthcare setting. Although it may not seem it, this course is actually a medical course, not a healthcare course. Students learn about making maps and how to plan and implement them. They will also get hands-on experience with a Lean Team in a real medical setting.

8. BSNS 473 – Investments

investment graph with arrow pointing upwards

Ever wonder how you can get rich without doing anything? This course will teach you all about investments, how they work, the investment theory and practice, investment strategies and tactics, and the management and construction of their portfolio. This is an interesting yet difficult course.

9. EXSS 472 – Kinesiology

skeleton running with muscles shown in another figure running

Kinesiology is the study of the muscles and bones in the body, and how the body’s biomechanics work with them to make it move and do tasks. It is highly anatomically focused. This course is so difficult that only exercise science and athletic training majors are allowed to take it. 

10. ENGR 481 – Manufacturing Processes and Work Analysis

a robot in a manufacturing company

This engineering class is based on the manufacturing process, which includes things like welding, machining, tools, metal cutting, robots, yes robots, and other manufacturing systems. This course applies engineering, physics, and psychology in terms of the workplace. 

10 Hardest Classes at South Florida State College

Are you struggling to pick classes for next semester? You’ve come to the right place! By reading this post, you’ll learn about some of the hardest classes offered at South Florida State College and know what classes to take to challenge yourself or what classes to avoid.

1. BSC 1420C – Introduction to Biotechnology

Some DNA strands in a cartoon

This class aims to teach students the skills, concepts, and techniques necessary to work in the biotechnology field. Some of these skills include following procedures, keeping detailed records, safety procedures, lab math, preparing solution, and separating biomolecules. The course heavily emphasizes DNA manipulation techniques and protein analysis.

2. CET 1600C – Networking Fundamentals

A global mobile network illustrated in a cartoon

In this class, students will be introduced to the architecture, structure, function, and models or the internet and computer networks. The main topics covered include IP addresses, Ethernet concepts, media, and operations. The course aims for you to be able to build LANs, perform configurations, and implement different IP address schemes.

3. CET 2691 – Laws and Legal Aspects of IT Security

IT security and protection

In this class, you’ll learn about some of the common legal issues in computers and their security. In addition, you’ll learn how they commonly apply to privacy, intellectual property, crime investigation, civil liability, and ethics. The main goal of this class is for students to see the economic impact that security breaches have on industries.

4. ACR 0600 – Heating Systems

A central heating system

We all have some kind of heating system but how many would know what to do if something broke? In this class, you’ll learn about different heating systems like gas, electric, and oil systems. In addition, you’ll learn how to fine and repair problems in these systems.

5. CHM 1020 – Introducing General Chemistry

A chemical bond shown in a chemical compound

This class may be an introduction to chemistry, but that doesn’t mean it’s easy. Fortunately, this class is designed for students who did not take chemistry in high school or aren’t science majors. Here, you’ll learn about modern chemical theories that scientists use to develop an understanding of chemistry and its applications.

6. EET 1015C – Electronics I

A computer's motherboard

In today’s world, you can’t go a day without using electricity and electronics. This class will allow you to get a better understanding of both. Students who take this class will learn about charge, currents, potential difference, resistance, Ohm’s Law, circuits, Kirchhoff’s Law, and more. You’ll also do experiments in lab to confirm what you’ve learned and get a deeper understanding of the topics.

7. MAC 2311 – Honors Calculus I With Analytic Geometry

Important calculus topics and ideas in sketches

Calculus is hard enough without it being an honors course and putting geometry into the equation. This course is recommended for students who thoroughly understand college algebra and trigonometry. Some of the topics covered include functions, graphs, continuity, derivatives, integrals, geometry, and more.

8.AER 0190 – Engine Repair

A car engine

We all use engines in our every day lives, but most of us don’t know how they work or how to fix them. This course will teach you how to repair and rebuild the engines used in cars. In order to this, you’ll learn how to perform diagnostic tests to evaluate and repair cars.

9. CIS 2359C – Ethical Hacking II

Someone in a black hoodie hacking a computer

Not many people know much about hacking, let alone ethical hacking. Using advanced techniques, you’ll learn how to hack into different information systems while still being ethical. In addition, you’ll learn how to test networks, exploit vulnerabilities, defend against attacks, and more.

10. PHY 2053C – Honors General Physics IL

Light refracting through a prism showing the rainbow of colors

Most college students struggle with physics so you can be sure that honors physics is going to be a challenge. This course is the first of a two part series for non-engineering and non-science majors, although if you fall into that category, you can still take the class. Some of the topics covered in this class include mechanics, kinematics, motion, energy, momentum, and more.

Finding what classes are best for you isn’t easy and not even knowing what classes are available definitely makes it harder. Reading this is just the beginning to learning about all of the different classes offered at South Florida. Keep this post in mind when you pick your classes for next semester!

10 Hardest Courses at St. Petersburg College

Everyone has had the displeasure of encountering an insurmountable test, a tediously frustrating assignment, or a mind-numbing lab that they just can’t get out of. The worst part: even after sleepless nights in the library and multiple stress-induced breakdowns, the grade still may not measure up. It may seem tempting to just drop the class and pretend it doesn’t exist, but unfortunately, many of these hard classes are wedged into degree programs and major requirements. For all students who’ve struggled through a lecture, not understanding a single thing but hoping they’ll get it somewhere along the way, here are 10 of the hardest courses at St. Petersburg College.

1. ACG 245 – Accounting Software Applications

Cartoon of a workstation, with a laptop, graphs and phones on a desk

Just hearing the name of this class might be enough for some students to balk. Offering an overview of accounting software, this course is designed to aid students in applying accounting knowledge and skill to businesses and the workplace. As nearly every new company now keeps its bookkeeping process electronically, this is an essential class for aspiring accountants, but it can also be very confusing and frustrating. Students who have limited familiarity with computer systems and data entry might struggle with this class and its technical concepts, but it’s great for those who want to up their game in the workplace.

2. AML 2020H – Honors American Literature II: 1865 to Present

picture of girl in library reading books near a lamp

This class is for students who couldn’t get enough of their AP Literature class or for that one kid that related a bit too much to Holden Caulfield of Catcher in the Rye. Honors American Literature 2 focuses on a research-based analysis of prominent historical and contemporary US literature, with a historical and philosophical lens. This class can be difficult due to its time-consuming workload, with lots of weekly readings, essays, and research papers. Those who are passionate about literature and writing will love this class, but those who shake in fear at the mention of The Great Gatsby should probably pass on this class.

3. ARH 2051 Art History: Renaissance to Contemporary

Many different cultures have famous art pieces that are culturally important.

For the inner Picasso in every student (or… not), Art History delves into the theory, history, and appreciation of art in many cultures and countries. Focusing on painting, sculpture, and architecture of the time period, students are expected to critically think about the historical context and art theory behind pieces. Because of the class’s highly analytical nature, students without a strong foundation in writing about and analyzing literature or art may find this class difficult, but those who are passionate about it should take it anyway.

4. ASL 1150C – Intermediate American Sign Language with Lab

Picture of person doing ASL to communicate

Anyone who has tried to learn a language as an adult knows exactly how frustrating and difficult it can be. The best time for language acquisition is between birth and 10 years of age. Unfortunately, most college students are past that prime. Because of the innate difficulty of language learning and the added challenges of communicating through a different medium, many students find ASL a challenging course. However, it is an incredibly rewarding and humbling experience to learn another language and understand a new culture, and students should still take this course for those reasons.

5. BCH 4024 – Biochemistry

Picture of bonds in biochemistry

Imagine the hardest biology class and the hardest chemistry class…and then put them together. It’s no wonder students cry at the mention of biochemistry. Covering the chemical interactions and processes of biological systems, including metabolic pathways and protein and DNA structure, biochemistry is a rigorous subject. Students who plan on entering the field of medicine should definitely take this subject, but those who would rather watch Bill Nye the Science Guy should probably find another course.

6. BSC 2086L – Human Anatomy & Physiology Laboratory II

Cartoon of human heart

Anatomy and Physiology is the study of the animal body and the chemical and biological processes that make up its larger organizational structure. An absolutely essential class for anyone going into the medical or healthcare field, BSC 2086L covers the lymphatic, endocrine, respiratory, digestive, cardiovascular, urinary, and reproductive systems of the human body. Those who love science and don’t struggle with memorization will find this class doable, but students who have little experience with these topics might be in for a rough ride.

7. CEN 3088 – Software Security

Software security is vital for any business or organization that stores data digitally.

Software Security is a class that focuses on cyber-security, threats to a company’s databases and software, and hacking attacks on software. In a world that is increasingly digital, where major global institutions rely on secure servers, cyber-security is a pressing matter. Students who want to work in government information technology, international security, or for large companies that handle private information, this class is essential. However, it’s basis in software theory and technical skills make it difficult for beginners to grasp.

8.CHM 2210 – Organic Chemistry I

Organic chemistry is the study of carbon based compounds and their interactions

Organic Chemistry has caused many a nervous breakdown since it’s conception by some evil mastermind whose sole purpose in life was to make students’ lives miserable. With complicated chemical mechanisms to understand, chemical notations to memorize, and labs that seem to drag on for hours and hours, it’s no surprise that Organic Chemistry makes the list of most difficult courses. Students who are planning to apply to med school should definitely take this course, as it is required, but if it’s not absolutely necessary, skip this course!

9. COP 2220 – Programming in C++

picture of a laptop screen with coding program

Before anyone can aspire to be the next Mark Zuckerberg or tech start-up mogul, they need to pass their intro programming courses. Unfortunately, as easy as it seems when movie hackers do it, programming can be incredibly difficult to get the hang of, and many students find it to be frustrating and thankless. For students ready for a challenge and who have some time on their hands, this class is manageable, but otherwise, it might be best to drop it.

10. MAC 2313 – Calculus with Analytic Geometry III

picture of a bunch of graphs and equations in math

Math of any kind is enough of a terrifying subject for some people that the mere mention of it might make them cry – now imagine math with more letters than numbers, with confusing 3D graphs, with complex algorithms and word problems that make even advanced students shudder. This is Calculus 3, and thankfully, it’s usually only a required class for students going into math, engineering, or computer science related disciplines. Students who don’t like working with numbers or who deal with math anxiety should think twice before taking this class.

Whether its hard exams, long projects, or a professor that grades without any mercy, some classes can be a student’s worst nightmare. However, this doesn’t mean that one should back away from a challenge. On the contrary, taking a hard class can sometimes be a rewarding experience when a student pushes themselves and finds they are capable of more than they imagined.

10 Hardest Classes at Harvard University

Harvard is known for being one of the hardest universities in the country to get into. However, that doesn’t mean that it’ll be a breeze once you’re in. Keep reading this post to learn about some of the hardest classes offered at Harvard University.

1. ANTHRO 1824 – Race and Genetics: American Biopolitics

A DNA strand made up of different icons

Race and genetics are difficult subjects to talk about in today’s society. In this class, students will examine and discuss the relationship between genetics and race in the United States. The course aims for students to understand the historic and cultural relationship between race and genetics and the political stakes of genomic science and race categories.

2. APMTH 115 – Mathematical Modeling

Someone writing equations on a black board

This course discusses some of the most important but least understood topics in applied mathematics. This includes understanding the important components and mechanisms needed to produce a mathematical model. In order to do this, students will learn about different important topics from biology, economics, engineering, physics, and social sciences.

3. APPHY 195 – Introduction to Solid State Physics

Molecular configuration of a solid

The main focus of this class is to learn the physics of crystalline solids as well as their electric, magnetic, optical, and thermal properties. While this doesn’t seem like much, the course covers a lot of material, so get ready for many challenging topics. Some of these topics are crystal binding, crystal vibration, electronic band structures, semiconductors, plasmonic excitations, optical transitions, resonance, ferroelectrics, and much more.

4. APMTH 201 – Physical Mathematics I

Homer Simpson and some math equations

In this class, students will be introduced to methods that can be used to develop accurate approximations for problems that don’t have a definite answer. Along these lines, students can use these methods to approximate integrals with numerical methods and solutions. Some specific topics include dimensional analysis, complex analysis, perturbation theory, asymptotic expansions, and more.

5. ASTRON2 – Celestial Navigation

Some constellations

While we all know that stars exist and we can maybe name a few constellations, most of us wouldn’t know how to figure out where we are just by using the stars. In this class, students will learn how to use a sextant, compass, and charts to learn about using the stars to find your location. The good news is that there’s a day-long cruise at the end of the semester to practice your new navigational skills.

6. APPHY 284 – Statistical Mechanics

Math formulas and constants

This course covers a lot of dense material in a short period of time. In this class, students will learn the basic ideas behind statistical mechanics along with some of its applications. Some of the specific topics include the Bost-Einstein condensation, phase diagrams, critical points, phase transition, magnetic models, and more.

7. AESTHINT 42 – Is Revolution or Reform the Best Way to Transform Society?

Clenched fist held in protest

This course aims to solve the question of whether revolution or reform is the best way to transform a society? Students will attempt to answer the question by exploring the relationship between utopian Enlightenment and different literary cultures in Western history. In order to do this, students will read texts that promote a revolutionary utopia and texts that prefer a dystopian utopia.

8. AFVS 252 – Sonic Ethnography

Men and women standing in a line with the word ethnography in front

This is a hands-on class where students will record, edit, and produce anthropologically informed audio pieces. Students will listen to some of these works in order to understand contemporary work using location recordings. In addition, students will practice using different technical and conceptual strategies of writing and recording to learn about ethnographic representation.

9. APCOMP 290R – Extreme Computing: Project-based High Performance Distributed and Parallel Systems

Cartoon of servers used in a cloud

In this class, students will explore different techniques, infrastructures, and algorithms used in computer simulations and extreme computing. The course is split into two halves- the first focuses on simulating turbulence in incompressible fluids and the second focuses on the Lattice Boltzmann Method and hemodynamic simulations. If you don’t know what these words mean, don’t worry you’re not alone but maybe consider not taking this class.

10. APMTH 107 – Graph Theory and Combinatorics

A simple graph in combinatorics

This course is a cross-over between graph theory and combinatorial mathematics. Some of the topics covered in the class include enumeration techniques, optimization theory, combinatorial algorithms, discrete probability, and more. This course is aimed towards computer science, engineerings, and applied mathematics students as the material is often found in these fields.

College is designed to be hard and Harvard is certainly no exception. However, knowing what the more difficult classes are will help you avoid accidentally choosing them when picking your classes. Keep this guide in mind as you figure out what courses you’re taking next semester!

10 Hardest Courses at Elmhurst College

While students may find themselves taking easier courses to obtain a better GPA, others find that taking challenging courses at the risk of their GPA can be quite rewarding. GPA is not the most important takeaway from college, after all. It is important to learn the most and grasp the more difficult topics in your major, while also exploring fields outside your major and spending time in your college community. Below are 10 of the hardest courses at Elmhurst College.

1. CJ-410 – Criminal Procedure

An image of handcuffs, keys, and trial papers

This course is an examination of enforcement of the law while balancing fair procedures. Topics include search and seizure, arrest, stops, self incrimination, and crime control in a democratic society. Students are required to read the majority and dissenting opinions of the U.S. Supreme Court and to discuss the history and evolution of constitutional cases.

2. CGE-477 – Computer Game & Entertainment Project Development

An image of Game Programming

This is the capstone course for students majoring in computer game and entertainment technology. The students in this course apply all of the concepts and skills learned in previous CGE courses to produce a significant project. This activity is performed at a company as part of a project development for that company.

3. CHM-432 – Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

An image of chemicals

This course explores theories of atomic structure, bonding, periodicity, and geometric structure are used to describe the properties and reactivities of inorganic compounds with emphasis on several main groups: acids and bases, oxidizing and reducing agents, and transition metal coordination compounds. The course includes laboratory with emphasis on synthesis and analysis of inorganic compounds.

4. PHY-414 – Modern Optics

An image of optics

This course covers geometrical and physical optics, polarization, coherence, interference, diffraction, Fourier optics, and fundamental optical phenomena. Electromagnetic theory of light is stressed.

5. NRS-526 – Advanced Pharmacology

An image of pills

This course focuses on major drug classifications, including indications, actions, interactions and side effects. The course explores principles of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics provide the foundation for an evidence-based, patient centered approach to clinical decision making and care management across the lifespan. The course also includes selected clinical applications of advanced pharmacology with related pathophysiology using a care study model.

6. BUS-484 – Business Policy

An image of Business Policy

This course is an integration of the basic business disciplines for business policy formulation using the case study method. The course explores the development of company policy and strategy; impact of a company’s internal and external environment on strategic decisions; case practice in analyzing and formulating business policy and strategy.  

7. BIO-315 – Genetics

An image of genes and the brain

This course is an introduction to the basic principles of genetics and modern molecular techniques used to study organisms at the cellular, organismal and population level. Topics include Mendelian and non-Mendelian inheritance, gene mapping in eukaryotes and prokaryotes, DNA structure and function, gene regulation, genetic variation from recombination and mutation, genomics and population genetics.

8. MTH-361 – Abstract Algebra

An image of Abstract Algebra

This course covers properties of integers, sets, groups, permutation groups, cyclic groups, Lagrange’s Theorem, subgroups, normal subgroups, quotient groups, external direct product of groups, homomorphism and isomorphism of groups, and introduction to rings and fields.

9. CS-475 – Software Engineering

An image of magnified code

This course is an introduction to the concepts of design, development, and maintenance of large-scale software systems. Chief programmer teams, the software life cycle, and underlying related topics are covered, including requirements analysis, implementation techniques, validation, verification, maintenance, documentation, user interfaces, reliability, software development tools, and programming environments. Various cost-estimation models are also introduced.

10. CS-550 – Web Development

An image of web development

The students in this course learn how to program in appropriate Web-based languages (e.g., HTML, JavaScript, CSS, ASP.NET and RESTful Web Services). As part of this programming experience, the students are taught how to design and develop Web applications that access data in the latest version of Microsoft’s SQL Server using Microsoft’s Visual Basic. In addition, students discuss design and development considerations, as well as concepts and techniques for building mobile Web apps.

These courses are great to take if you want to challenge yourself and learn about new and interesting topics. While these courses may require a significant amount of your time and attention, you will still be able to participate in extracurricular activities and engage in your community. After all, college is about challenging yourself and learning new things while gaining independence and having the best experience.

10 Hardest Courses at William Paterson University

Do you prefer easy classes or challenging classes? Some prefer easy classes because of the low stress levels and the easy A. Others prefer challenging classes because they find easy classes too boring. Whether you like challenging classes or not, you’ll have to take one eventually. Luckily, if you’re a student at William Paterson University, you can use this article as a reference to figure out what tough classes you want to take on or avoid completely. Here are the top 10 hardest classes at William Paterson University.

1. ACCT 4300 – Advanced Accounting II

Image of a pen and calculator sitting atop a piece of paper with a graph on it.

Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations. If you dislike math and memorizing vocab terms and formulas, then this might not be the class for you. This class is an in-depth study of principles used in accounting for parent and subsidiary companies, partnerships, and other specialized areas of accounting. There is an intensive review and analysis of basic and advanced concepts, skills, and principles. Introduction and intermediate accounting classes are challenging, so you can expect this advanced accounting course to be even harder.

2. BIO 4740 – Neuroscience

Illustration of a brain with lighting bolts coming out of it.

If you like science and you’re fascinated with the brain, then you might actually enjoy this challenging class. This course uses an interdisciplinary approach to present an understanding of interdependence between the deep brain structures and proper functioning of the nervous system.  Emphasis is on obtaining a thorough working knowledge of the physiology of the nervous system and the emergent behaviors which result from their neural interactions. The most difficult part of studying neuroscience is the sheer volume of information. There are a lot of terms and definitions to memorize, so good memorization skills are necessary to succeed in this class.

3. CHEM 4280 – Biochemistry II

Close-up image of a petri dish with liquid in it.

Biochemistry is difficult because it combines both biology and chemistry, so if science is your worst subject, then you might want to avoid this class. This course elaborates on biochemistry to include the primary catabolic and anabolic pathways. Topics covered include the TCA cycle, electron transport chains and the mechanisms of replication, transcription and translation. This course covers many of the key techniques used in metabolomics and in the elucidation of biochemical pathways. If you are struggling in this class, check out OneClass’ notes linked above for some extra help!

4. CS 4100 – Artificial Intelligence

Graphic design of a human face made out of computer coding.

Artificial intelligence is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals. In computer science, AI is the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages. This class is a study of classical and modern approaches to artificial intelligence including knowledge representation, search strategies, inference systems, logic programming, list processing, machine learning, natural language processing, and neural nets. There will be exercises in programming using current tools, COMMON LISP, or PROLOG. Many find this course difficult because you need to know and understand how to read and write code.

5. ECON 3700 – International Economics

Image of a map of the world with financial charts.

This course examines the trends, theories, and policies of trade using a global perspective. Emphasis will be on the relationship between disparities and differences among cultures and their impact on trade. In particular, the course uses a comparative perspective to analyze principle concepts and theories of trade, trade policies, and the interactions between trade, culture, and the environment. This course is difficult because not only do you need to be able to read and analyze a graph, but you’ll have to memorize terms, definitions, and all the different scenarios that affect and shift things in the economy.

6. FIN 4360 – Investments II

Illustration of stock market data with an uptrend vector.

Investing is the action or process of investing money for profit or material result. The course will examine Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT) issues. It will elaborate on different concepts of rate of return and risk. It will talk about valuation and management of fixed income and equities. It will analyze security markets and institutions as well as instruments. It will discuss security and industry analysis. Furthermore, it will study investment policy determination, portfolio construction and performance evaluation. This class is considered hard because not many people know much about the stock market, trading stocks, or analyzing stock graphs/charts.

7. MATH 3220 – Differential Equations

Close-up of differential equations and formulas

If math and numbers are your weakness, then this class is going to be a real challenge. This course is a study of the methods of solution and applications of ordinary differential equations. Topics include first- and second-order equations, existence and uniqueness of solutions, separation of variables, exact equations, integrating factors, linear equations, undetermined coefficients, variation of parameters, transform methods, series solutions, systems of equations and elementary numerical methods. Even those who are good at math will find this advanced math course difficult.

8. PBHL 4000 – Epidemiology

Image of a stethoscope sitting atop two pieces of paper, both with charts on them.

Epidemiology is a difficult class because there is a lot of memorization. You will have to know and understand many different medical terms and definitions, as well as solutions to different scenarios. This course provides an introduction to the discipline of epidemiology and its role in public health practice and decision-making. The course will address the distribution and determinants of disease/injury in populations and will explore how epidemiologists make inferences about risk factors and etiology of disease/injury in populations. Health courses are extremely rigorous, so prepare yourself for some late nights of studying and doing homework.

9. PHYS 4030 – Modern Physics I

Image of a chalkboard with physics formulas and equations written in chalk on it.

Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines (and one of the hardest), and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves. This class includes spectroscopic and other representative phenomena that form experimental foundations of modern physics. Topics include special theory of relativity, dual properties of electromagnetic radiation. Young’s diffraction, blackbody radiation, photoelectric effect. Compton effect, specific heats. Frank-Hertz experiment. Rutherford scattering. Bohr’s atomic model, quantum mechanical description of a particle, elementary theory of nuclear structure and reactions. There’s lots of equations and formulas to memorize, so be prepared for studying, studying, and more studying.

10. PSY 4550 – Health Psychology

Image of a cork board with sticky notes pinned to it with various health-related words written on them.

Health psychology is a basic research and clinical practice area within psychology that focuses on understanding the scientific relationships between social, behavioral, and psychological processes and health. This course provides a broad overview of the related fields of health psychology and behavioral medicine. Various theoretical perspectives are examined to understand how biological, psychological, and social factors interact with and affect the health of individuals. This is another science-related course, so if science is your weakness, then you might find this class hard. The hardest part of this class is the memorization required to know and remember all the different scientific terms and definitions, so if memorization isn’t your learning style, then good luck in this class.

10 Hardest Courses at Paris Junior College

Students are always looking for the best classes to take in order to gain knowledge of their future careers. At Paris Junior College, many courses are given to challenge each student in a variety of categories. Each course requires a lot of time and studying in order to succeed in the class and in real life. Here are the 10 hardest courses offered at Paris Junior College.

1. ACCT-2301 – Principles of Financial Accounting

Image of a calculator and pen while checking numbers

This accounting course is a 3 credit course. It introduces the fundamental concepts of financial accounting. Topics include the procedures and systems to accumulate, analyze, measure, and record financial transactions. Exposure to International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) will be discussed majorly.

2. HART-1307 – Refrigeration Principles

an image of a mini refrigerator

This is an introductory course in refrigeration principles covering the physical properties of refrigeration. There are weekly lectures and 2 day labs. Topics include the four major concepts of air conditioning, temperature scales, pressure gauge, and thermodynamics of refrigeration. There is emphasis on comparing and converting temperature scales and demonstrating hand tools and instruments.

3. ARTS-2346 – Ceramics I

an image of clay pots

There is not book required for this course. This is an introduction to art through ceramics. Students will foster an appreciation for ceramics and develops critical and observational skills necessary for the creation, analysis, and interpretation of ceramic works. Topics include examining the historical and contemporary significance of ceramics through works of clay and learn various approaches to this art technique.

4. COSC-1301 – Introduction to Computing

an image of circuits in various images from the cloud

This course is an overview of computer systems hardware, operating systems, and microcomputer application software. Topics are focused on the Internet, word processing, spreadsheets, presentation graphics, and databases. Current issues will be discussed such as the effect of computers on society, and the history and use of computers in business, educational, and other modern settings are also studied.

5. CSME-2310 – Advanced Haircutting and Related Theory

an image of haircut supplies

This course is 1 hour lectures followed by 4 hour labs. Students need to pass the course with a C or higher. It focuses on advanced concepts and practices of haircutting. Topics include utilizing scissors, razor, and/or clippers. 

6. CRIJ-1307 – Crime in America

an image of the American flag with crime tape over it

This is a 3 credit course. It focuses on American crime problems which are studied in the historical perspective. Topics include social and public policy factors affecting crime. There is emphasis on the impact of crime and crime trends along with the social characteristics of specific crimes and how to prevent it.

7. DFTG-2331 – Advanced Cad Architectural

an image of cad architecture of a building

This course introduces the concepts of building information modeling and the tools for parametric building. There is emphasis on the use of architectural specific software to execute the elements required in designing standard architectural exhibits. Students will learn to utilize custom features to create walls, windows and specific design requirements for construction in residential/commercial and industrial architecture.

8. DRAM-1330 – Stagecraft I

an image of a theater set on stage

This is a 3 credit course with 2 hours of lecture and 4 hours of lab. Topics include the methods and components of theatre facilities, scenery construction, and painting, properties, lighting, costume, makeup, sound, and theatrical management. Students will get a lot of hands-on experience as they learn the best techniques in stagecraft for future productions.

9. EMSP-2306 – Emergency Pharmacology

an image of pills

This is a 3 credit class. There is 2 hours of lecture and plenty of hands-on experience in a 3 hour lab where students will practice scenarios of dosages and routines. Students will learn drug classifications, actions, therapeutic uses, adverse effects, routes of administration, and calculation of dosages.

10. PSYC-2314 – Lifespan Growth & Development

an image of the lifespan of a human

This is a 3 credit course that includes a lecture. Students will study topics of social, emotional, cognitive and physical factors. They will compare these topics and find influences of a developing human from conception to death. Real life scenarios will be emphasized as the concepts will be used to relate to current issues and events.

10 Hardest Courses at North Central College

North Central College offers a wide range of courses for both undergraduate and graduate students. The institution prides itself in providing a conducive environment that offers equal opportunities for all students to achieve academic success. Below is a list of 10 of the hardest courses offered at the institution.

1. CSC 436 – Human-Computer Interaction

A person working on a laptop with human-computer interaction written on top

This course emphasis is on human-computer interaction meaning students are expected to design, contrivance it and evaluate the interface of the human machine. Students are expected to understand the targeted user psychology, physiology and perception. Students find this course hard because of the technicality of the topics.

2. COM 350 – Public Relations Strategy and Implementation

A poster written PUBLIC RELATIONS and related icons

The emphasis laid in this course is on the best practices that one should have in the field of public relations; especially through writing across the various platforms. What makes this course hard is the fact that students need to integrate social media with the already acquired theories and the planning practices for a tactful implementation for the real world clients.

3. ENG 390 – Sacred Texts as Literature

An ancient book containing sacred texts of the world, with symbols of the cross, islam and star of david

This English course focuses on the study of existing sacred texts. Students are expected to compare the literary structures while putting into consideration the influence brought about in the world of art and literature world via the cross-cultural influences. This course is considered hard because of the long and time-consuming texts that students are required to read throughout the course.

4. ENV 225 – Environmental Ethics

A poster written ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS with a footprint done in leaves

This course discusses the ethical frameworks in the environment. Students need to understand technical concepts and terminologies that are related to nature and their ethical considerations. This course is recommended for students that wish to pursue a major in environmental studies.

5. CSC 435 – Windows Game Programming

A screenshot of a computer game programming software

This course discusses the design and development of Windows game software. Students find this course hard because it involves extensive programming in various languages. Students will also be required to create code for computer games as course projects. This course is recommended for computer science majors.

6. CHM 405 – Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

An Advanced Inorganic Chemistry textbook cover

This chemistry course focuses on advanced concepts related to inorganic chemistry. Students will throughout the course learn very technical and complex topics. The course also involves very demanding and time-consuming lab sessions. This course is recommended for chemistry majors.

7. MTH 422 – Abstract Algebra II

An Abstract Algebra textbook cover

This course focuses on advanced topics related to abstract algebra. This course is considered hard because students have to learn very complex functions and solve very advanced mathematical problems related to abstract algebra. This course is recommended for students that want to pursue a major in Mathematics.

8. BIO 340 – Microbiology

An image of microorganisms

This course discusses concepts related to microorganisms, emphasizing the physiology, genetics and ecology of bacteria and their relationships with other organisms. Students find this course hard because they learn very technical concepts and terminologies that take time to grasp. The course also includes lab sessions that seem challenging and very involving.

9. PHY 441 – Quantum Mechanics

A poster written QUANTUM MECHANICS

This course discusses the physical interpretation and mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics. This course is considered hard by most students because of the technicality of the topics in the course. Students will learn very technical and complex concepts throughout the course.

10. BCM 465 – Advanced Biochemistry

An Advanced Biochemistry textbook cover

This course discusses advanced topics in biochemistry making students fuse related biology, chemistry and general education concepts. The course involves a series of lab sessions throughout the course. Students are also expected to conduct research on several topics related to the course and come up with relevant findings and conclusions.

10 Hardest Courses at Northern Michigan University

Northern Michigan University aims at providing the best education to its students. The institution equips its students with the appropriate required skills for them to be independent in future and productive citizens in the changing and developing country.

1. CS 342 – Game Programming

An image of a gaming pad

This course in computer science discusses various programming languages that are used in the development of interactive video games. Students need to understand very technical concepts related to the development of 2D & 3D coordinate systems that can be used in networked multiplayer environments.

2. AUT 105 – Automotive Mathematics

An Automotive Mathematics textbook cover

The automotive mathematics course discusses the different applied technical mathematics concepts that are used and analyzed in the automotive field. Students find this course hard because it involves very complex formulas, theories, and calculations throughout the course.

3. CHN 102 – Elementary Chinese II

Several Chinese characters with pronunciation

This course teaches about reading and writing of Chinese characters and symbols amongst other topics. Students find this course hard because in the Chinese language.  Most students find the writing of characters so difficult as compared to other concepts that are taught in the course.

4. CJ 214 – Criminal Investigation

A Criminal Investigation textbook cover

In this course, students are required to understand the theory of investigation, how to conduct, collect and preserve physical evidence. Students will throughout the course study very technical topics related to criminal investigations.

5. ET 311 – Applied Programmable Controllers

An image of programmable controllers

This course requires students to apply the programmable controllers in motor control and industrial automation situations. Students will be required to show their ability to apply and use the knowledge on commercial grade programmable controller involving I/O applications.

6. IS 436 – Network Security Tools and Techniques

A poster written "NETWORK SECURITY"

The course requires individuals to have an in-depth knowledge of advanced network technology and protocols. Students will learn very technical and complex concepts related to the course. This course is recommended for students that want to pursue a major in Information Systems.

7. LPM 390 – Principles of Retail Investigations

A transaction taking place at a retail shop, with the chasier giving the receipt to customer

The course gives students an idea on how they can handle the financial crisis in a retail industry especially in cases of theft. Students need knowledge on the investigative techniques they can use without intimidating anyone but at the same time extracting information from the victim or witness. Also, they are expected to know how to have a well detailed concise narrative documented

8. PY 203 – Applied Behavior Analysis

Applied Behavior Analysis Poster

This course teaches students to understand the behaviors that other people portray and how to manage those behaviors. Students find this course hard because it involves very technical concepts related to behavior analysis. This course is recommended for students that wish to pursue a major in psychology.

9. SP 422 – Crisis Communication

A hand magnifier placed over the words "crisis communications"

Students taking this course usually go through case studies and get involved in the creation of crisis communication plans and strategies. This course involves a lot of readings that require much study time for students to comprehend. Students will also be required to apply the communication theories learned to create appropriate responses to crisis situations

10. SL 400 – Speech Sound Disorders

An image of a child uttering some words with letters coming out and the title speech sound disorders

This course involves the study of phonological disorders, assessment, and treatment of articulation. Students also focus on the remediation that is found in speech sound disorders such as apraxia articulation errors and the cleft palate. This course is considered hard because it involves very technical concepts and terminologies that students need to grasp.