10 Hardest Courses at Occidental College

Occidental College is an advanced private liberal arts college located in the heart of Los Angeles, California, United States. They provide a gifted and diverse group of students with a total educational experience of the highest quality. However, it is worthy to note that there’s no such thing as an “easy” course of study in the tertiary institution. Getting a real college education takes a significant investment of time and effort. Here are the 10 hardest courses at Occidental College.

1. BIO 226 – Cell Biology

An Image of Biological Cells

This course is designed to provide a thorough understanding of the intracellular processes of eukaryotic cells. The course will discuss topics including the molecular basis of cellular organization, structure and function, cell motility, organelle biogenesis and function, cellular communication and signalling, and intracellular processes such as apoptosis and autophagy. It includes one three-hour laboratory session per week plus two hours arranged.

2. CHEM 355 – Introduction to Bioinformatics

Pictorial representation of Bioinformatics with DNA strand coming from nucleus of a cell

The main focus of this course is about utilizing biological and chemical databases for research. The course will investigate the tools that are used to extract and analyze data on small molecule drugs and biological sequences from these databases. It will also cover the algorithms and scoring schemes used in sequence alignment and homology searches. This is the hardest course in the chemistry department.

3. MATH 150 – Statistical Data Analysis

An image of Statistical Data Analysis

This is an introductory course in statistics emphasizing modern techniques of data analysis. Topics include exploratory data analysis and graphical methods, random variables, statistical distributions, and linear models. Students will make significant use of a computer application specifically designed for data exploration. The course is strongly recommended for students who know how to use graphical techniques and statistics for research in their fields.

4. COGS 301 – Applied Cognitive Science and Education

picture of the brain divided into the creative and logical side

This course will address current cognitive science research as applied to education. The concept of multiple intelligence, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of individuals in the acquisition of information, will be emphasized. This course will also cover specific learning disabilities/differences and cognitive styles.

5. KINE 302 – Biomechanics

Motion analysis in Biomechanics

This course deal with the application of muscle mechanics and Newtonian mechanics to the documentation and analysis of human movement. The lecture will focus on the application of static and dynamic problem solving human performance. Laboratory work will be integrated with the lecture material and will emphasize the use of electromyography and video analysis to document and study human performance. It’s a very hard course.

6. CSP 18 – A Global History of Anarchism

A Global History of Anarchism

This course looks at world history from the late 19th century into the 20th century by following the development of the global anarchist movement. It will also discuss how diverse anarchist movements were connected by global flows of migrants, ideas, and practices, and shaped by a new image of the world in response to imperialism and capitalism. The course content is much and there are several materials to read.

7. DWA 248 – Global Public Health

An image of a stethoscope with a see through globe

Lectures and assignments are very important in this course. The course will examine major global public health problems and the range of responses from international organizations. Students are introduced to the analytic and quantitative skills needed to monitor and evaluate evidence used in formulating policies and programs. Networks, and domestic and community-based institutions.

8. ECON 495 – Senior Seminar in Economics

A picture of economics graphs and analysis

An intensive application of economic analysis to issues chosen by the instructor, in consultation with students during the course. The course emphasizes the development of analytical, writing, team-work and presentation skills and is meant to be an opportunity for students to apply their economic training to specific topics. Complete descriptions of the seminars offered in a given year will be mailed out to students prior to registration. Senior status is required for this course.

9. EDUC 283 – Technology in Education

An image of an ipad with eqhations on it and notebooks and pencils around it.

This course covers the various uses of technology in the classroom as well as other related issues, like differential student access. Students demonstrate their understanding of computers and software through hands-on activities and class presentations. They illustrate how technology can be integrated across the curriculum in the classroom through written lesson plans and units. Students learn to access electronic databases for student/school-level information and for subject matter support.

10. GEO 240 – Geologic Hazards

a typical example of Geologic Hazard with a house destroyed

This course will examine the physical and chemical process associated with geologic events that occur on the human-time scale and harm society. The course will include in-field examinations of local geological examples as well as quantitative and qualitative evaluation of geophysical and geochemical datasets associated with well-documented case studies. This is purely rigorous fieldwork course.

10 Hardest Courses at Morgan State University

Morgan State University is a premier public urban research university in Maryland, known for its excellence in teaching, intensive research, effective public service and community engagement. They prepare diverse and competitive graduates for success in a global, interdependent society. The University offers innovative, inclusive, and distinctive educational experiences to a broad cross-section of the population in a comprehensive range of disciplines at the baccalaureate, master’s, doctoral, and professional degree levels. Highlighted below are the hardest courses at Morgan State University.

1. ACCT 401 – Advanced Accounting

A picture of a workstation, with a laptop, calculator and charts on paper

This course provides in-depth coverage of accounting concepts, principles, and procedures applicable to partnerships. Contemporary financial accounting theories, practices for complex business entities, mergers and consolidated financial statements are covered in this course. This course is difficult because it has several analytical approaches to solve complex accounting problems.

2. BIOL 205 – Ecology and Adaptations

A picture a green world with windpropellors in someone's hand

This course is an analysis of the environmental factors affecting the evolution, adaptation, distribution and functional processes of plant and animal communities. Considerable emphasis will be placed on the Eco-system Concept. Students must endeavour to attend all lectures and do all class assignments in order to progress in this course.

3. CHEM 314 – Instrumental Methods of Analysis

Image of an Instrumental Methods of Analysis in chemistry

This course covers the fundamental principles of basic electronic and instrument components of use in analytical chemistry, theory and techniques in atomic and molecular spectrometry in chemical analysis, thermal, electrochemical and chromatographic methods. There are several equations of reactions for students to memorize in this course.

4. COMM 370 – Mass Communication Law and Ethics

picture of icons connected together

This course covers principles and case studies in communication law, constitutional guarantees, libel, privacy, contempt, privilege, copyright and government regulatory agencies in the United States and in other nations around the world. The course will introduce students to concepts that will help them make the ethical decisions that are involved while working as journalism, strategic communication and media production professionals. 

5. ECON 414 – Econometrics

The definition of Econometrics explained in two graphs

This course covers the application of mathematical and statistical methods. The course is concerned with estimating economic relationships and forecasting the behaviour of economic variables. Topics include simple and multiple regression and correlation analysis, estimation and hypotheses testing in regression models, the specification of regression models, times series analysis, simultaneous equation models, and forecasting. 

6. EEGR 463 – Digital Electronics

Picture of a Digital Electronics

This course deals with the analysis, design, simulation, and applications of digital microelectronic systems. These include TTL, CMOS, and ECL logic families, A/D and D/A converters, semiconductor memory devices such as RAM, ROM, EPROM, EEPROM, and programmable logic devices. Design projects are the most difficult part of this course.

7. FIN 444 – Bank Management

picture of a man walking through a maze made out of money

This course covers such topics as problems and policies associated with liquidity and solvency, reserves and earning assets, loans and discounts, accounting analysis, income and expense, services, personnel and public relations. This course is difficult because there are so many calculations and notes to memorize.

8. GEOG 307 – Geographic Quantitative Methods

An image showing the geographical layout of the world

This course introduces students to the benefits of using quantitative methods to analyze geographic data. Students will learn traditional descriptive and inferential statistics as well as spatial approaches to statistical analysis. Students need no mathematical training beyond introductory algebra.

9. HEED 410 – Healthcare Finance

A picture of money surrounded with stethoscope

This introductory course focuses on both creating financial information and how to use the information to make better financial decisions in a healthcare environment. To accomplish this, the course will cover the financial environment, financial accounting, managerial accounting, and basic financial analysis concepts. In addition, it covers problems and materials considered basic to the development of positive knowledge, attitudes and practices conducive to efficient financial management.

10. IEGR 470 – Industrial Robotics

A typical example of Industrial Robots

Principal concepts are the organization and operation of microcomputer-controlled manipulators. Experiments include kinematics, manipulation, dynamics, and trajectory planning and programming language for robots. Applications of computer-controlled robots in manufacturing and programmable automation. This is the hardest and the most technical course in Industrial Engineering.

10 Hardest Courses at Montana State University

Montana State University is as remarkable as its setting. Created as a land-grant institution, it is a welcoming, adventurous community of students, faculty and staff distinguished by its commitment to address the world’s greatest challenges. The university energizes individuals to discover and pursue their aspirations. It inspires people to engage with the university to improve the human prospect through excellence in education, research, creativity and civic responsibility. Highlighted below are the 10 hardest courses offered at Montana State University.

1. M 450 – Applied Mathematics

several areas of Applied Mathematics in a word web

This course is an introduction to modern methods in applied mathematics. Topics include introductions to dimensional analysis and scaling, perturbation and WKB methods, boundary layers, calculus of variations, stability, and bifurcation analysis. If you’re not into math or not math-minded, this course can be a nightmare given the abstract and difficult concepts involved.

2. ARCH 261 – Architectural Graphics I

A typical example of Architectural Graphics

This course utilizes observation and design drawing studios supplemented by design drawing lecture and demonstrations sessions. Topics treated in this course include freehand observation drawing and constructed multi-view, para-line, perspective and shade/shadow drawing leading towards the formal graphic presentation of architectural intentions. This 3-unit course is the hardest in the department of architecture.

3. BCH 441 – Biochemistry of Macromolecules

A picture representing the Biochemistry of Macromolecules

Discussed in this course is the biochemical basis of modern molecular biology. Topics covered include structure and function of proteins, nucleic acids, and membranes, replication, transcription, translation, regulation of gene expression; and recombinant DNA. The course includes rigorous hours of lectures each week.

4. CSCI 432 – Advanced Algorithm

Image of an Advanced Algorithm

This course involves a rigorous examination of advanced algorithms and data structures. Topics include average case analysis, probabilistic algorithms, advanced graph problems and theory, distributed and parallel programming. This course is tough because there are lots of codes and course notes to memorize.

5. ECIV 455 – Survey Data Collection and Analysis for Transportation Engineering

picture of highway from above

This course introduces students to the principles and practice of survey and data analysis for transportation engineering and elevates students’ ability to design and apply scalable approaches to analyze transportation-related data. Transportation survey design, implementation and analysis are covered. Methods and techniques for anticipating traffic events are also studied.

6. ACTG 327 – Intermediate Financial Accounting and Reporting I

picture of two businessmen writing on paper with data and calculators

This course is an in-depth study of the theory of financial accounting and reporting and its application to cash, current and long-term receivables, inventories, plant assets, natural resources, intangible assets, asset impairments, current liabilities, long-term debt, and contingencies. Fair value concepts, present value measurements, and international accounting standards will be incorporated. This course is very tough because of the number of material involved, and as such, studenst are always confused.

7. ESOF 422 – Advanced Software Engineering

The basic components of software engineering in a cartoon

This course focuses on the early and late phases of the software lifecycle, extending the knowledge developed in UML specifications to formulate precise requirements and develop an understanding of the theoretical foundations of the most common forms of software testing. This is a highly technical course which gives software engineering students a tough time.

8. NRSG 238 – Health Assessment across Lifespan

picture of a heart and stethoscope around it

This course is designed to teach students a health-oriented approach to the nursing assessment of clients across the life span in a variety of community-based settings. The primary focus of the course is on normal health assessment findings, with recognition of abnormal variations. This course emphasizes the development of skills needed to perform a comprehensive health assessment of children, adults, and the elderly. Data collection through comprehensive history taking and physical assessment are emphasized.

9. GEO 310 – Invertebrate Paleontology

A picture of Invertebrate in Paleontology

Students will be taught the investigation of invertebrate organisms and their evolution through time as preserved in the sedimentary rock record. Emphasis is on the morphology, paleoecology, evolution, and stratigraphic and environmental significance of important fossil groups. This course is extremely challenging and boring.

10. IDSN 130 – Interior Design Graphics

A typical example of an Interior Design Graphics

Interior Design Graphics provides interior design students with a basic knowledge of building structures, construction techniques, and building materials. It introduces the technical skills needed to read and to produce drawings used in the practice of interior design, including floor plans, interior elevations, reflected ceiling plans, and detail drawings. This course contains a lot of practical work, memorizing and takes commitment but, with motivation, it’s manageable.

10 Hardest Courses at Morehouse College

Morehouse College was founded in 1867 and located in Atlanta, Georgia. Morehouse is an academic community dedicated to teaching, scholarship, and service, and the continuing search for truth as a liberating force. As such, the College offers instructional programs in three divisions which includes business and economics, humanities and social sciences, and science and mathematics, as well as extracurricular activities. The mission of this college is to develop individuals with disciplined minds who will lead lives of leadership and service. Here are the top 10 hardest courses at Morehouse College.

1. PSC 464 – Black Political Thought

Black and white picture of a protest

This course introduces some of the basic contours of black political thinking across the history and geography of the African diaspora. A series of distinctive and influential strands of modern black political thought will be surveyed including radical egalitarianism, disillusioned liberalism, black Marxism, black conservatism, black feminism, and Black Nationalism. Students need to carry out enough researches in order to get good grades in this course.

2. BIO 317 – Principles of Neurobiology

pictorial representation of the brain and its neurons acting like lightning

This course is a broad overview of the nervous system. It is divided into three parts. The first section covers cellular and molecular neurobiology and examines the physiology of nerve transmission, the second part addresses the function of the sensory and motor system, while the third part of the class focuses on behavioural and clinical neurobiology, including discussions of learning and memory, mood, emotion and consciousness. Students should pay more attention to their lecture notes in order to pass this course.

3. CHE 472 – Advanced Organic Chemistry II

Image of an Organic Chemistry setup

This course provides a deeper understanding of the structure of organic compounds and the mechanisms of organic reactions. The three main broad topics are structure, dynamics, and synthesis. The quantum mechanical basis for aromaticity is carefully examined, and the concept of the duality of mechanisms is also treated. Things get tougher and complicated as you proceed in the course.

4. KSP 283 – Skills and Techniques of Swimming I

Skills and Techniques of Swimming

This course will teach students the basic swimming strokes, such as the crawl stroke, breaststroke, elementary backstroke and sidestroke. Students will learn the fundamental skills of water entry techniques. Students will receive basic first aid skills and CPR. Student’s performance in all practical sections is recorded and graded.

5. COM 351 – Professional Communication

Different modes of  Professional Communication

This course prepares students in all disciplines to communicate orally for professional survival and success in all settings. In this course, students learn to plan and organize, to write clearly and to develop polished final projects. Students prepare resumes, conduct mock interviews, and make professional presentations. There are a lot of materials to study for this course, which makes it a very hard course.

6. PHI 301 – Formal Logic

An image of Formal Logic

This is a course that deals with the symbolic representation of argument forms and the assessment of their validity. Sentential logic is treated with and without quantification. The main topic of the course is the development of formal proofs. The course content is very bulky and boring.

7. CSC 412 – Management Information Systems

various aspects of  Management Information Systems

Methodology for the design and implementation of management information systems in the industrial, business and governmental organization are discussed in this course. Topics covered include feasibility studies, system development, implementation and valuations. Information retrieval and database management system to support software development is also treated.

8. ENG 390 – Creative Non-fiction

A picture of writing in Creative Non-fiction

Creative Non-Fiction is a workshop course designed to give students experience in writing in a variety of non-fiction genres, including memoir, personal essay, and public narratives. Students will be able to experiment with the various elements of creative non-fiction, receive a critical response from the workshop participants, and learn to provide useful feedback to other developing writers. Students in English have recorded the highest number of failure in this course so far.

9. MTH 160 – Calculus for Business

a sphere with calculus on it and equations

Calculus for Business is a course designed to provide the business student with a concentrated foundational introduction to the fundamentals of applied calculus. The course includes an introduction to both differential and integral calculus with a concentration in business applications. There are so many equations to memorize in this course.

10. BA 322 – Management Systems

An image showing database management system

The course provides an introduction to the fundamentals of systems analysis, data analysis, and systems design. Topics covered include requirements gathering, system modelling, business analytics, and software specifications. The major emphasis is on UML modelling tools and techniques to define a system specification. This course is very complicated and highly demanding.

10 Hardest Courses at Mercer University

Mercer University is one of America’s oldest and most distinctive institutions of higher learning, offering rigorous programs that span the undergraduate liberal arts to doctoral-level degrees. As a university committed to excellence and innovation, MU challenges members of its community to meet and exceed high standards in their teaching, learning, research, scholarship and service. Highlighted below are the top 10 hardest courses offered at Mercer University.

1. STA 340 – Applied Regression Analysis

An image of Applied Regression Analysis

Applied methods in regression analysis cover topics that include univariate linear regression, techniques of multiple regression and model building, ANOVA as regression analysis, analysis of covariance, model selection and diagnostic checking techniques, nonlinear regression, and logistic regression. This course contains a lot of charts, numbers, equations and controlled experiments with numbers, which many students find confusing to follow, and difficult to comprehend.

2. COM 390 – Environmental Communication

Image showing what is Environmental Communication?

This course is an overview of theoretical approaches, research literature, and practical applications for environmental change. Course topics include the social construction of nature, and human relationships with nature, examined through discourse, rhetoric, and communication practices. This course contains a lot of work, memorizing and takes commitment but, with motivation, it’s manageable.

3. BMB 466 -Biochemistry II

An image of biochemistry lab apparatus

This course covers the chemistry and integration of cellular metabolism. Topics include biosynthesis and degradation of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, and nucleotides; photosynthesis; and the concepts of molecular physiology. The course includes rigorous three one-hour lectures each week.

4. CHM 241 – Quantitative Analysis

An image of quantitative analysis in chemistry

Students will learn the fundamental techniques and theories of quantitative chemical analysis. Emphasis is given to limitations of chemical measurement, instrumentation selection, calibration methods, quality assurance, and the statistical and ethical treatment of analytical data. A thorough study of equilibria as it pertains to acid/base, precipitation, complexation, and redox phenomena are included. Things get tougher and complicated as you proceed in the course.

5. IST 417 – Server Systems Security and Administration

Server Systems Security and Administration

This course is an exploration of server system security and vulnerabilities, including server architectures and operating systems, and server administration. It provides the detailed technical coverage necessary to administer and protect information and servers by presenting the knowledge of server platform computer hardware components, server network devices and interfaces, as well as the structure and usage of common server operating system software from an information security perspective. It’s a very hard course.

6. JMS 230 – Digital Storytelling

A picture of Digital Storytelling

This course explores digital storytelling as a contemporary form of narrative nonfiction storytelling. Students will learn how to shape and tell stories across multiple platforms and formats using current digital technologies. They will learn how to craft engaging stories that combine digital audio, photography, video, narration, and interactive graphics.

7. MAT 345 – Applied Mathematical Modeling

An image of Applied Mathematical Modeling

This course focuses on mathematical modelling of phenomena from biology, chemistry, engineering, medicine, and physics. Students learn the tools and techniques of modelling, using differential equations, matrix algebra, and statistics. Several major projects throughout the semester give the students experience in applying the tools and formulation of models. Class sessions consist of lectures and hands-on experimentation with projects using several computational tools. This is the hardest course in the department of mathematics.

8. PHI 235 – Philosophy of Law

A pictorial representation of the Philosophy of Law

This course introduces students to legal reasoning and the various theories regarding law and legal systems. In addition to discussing the traditional schools of jurisprudence, we will examine particular issues in legal theory such as obligation (social and economic), paternalism, and the role of the judiciary. This course is extremely challenging and boring.

9. POL 355 – International Conflict and Security

conference of International Conflict and Security resolution

This course examines interactions between less-developed countries and the international system by reference to the notion of national security. Topics discussed include colonial legacy, the international financial and trade systems, global economic inequalities, food and health security, conflict and its resolution, and nuclear proliferation.

10. PHY 365 – Mathematical Physics

An image of Mathematical Physics

Mathematical methods useful in upper-division physics courses are explored. Topics treated in this course include probability distributions, linear algebra, complex variables, waves and Fourier analysis, orthogonal functions, partial differential equations, chaotic dynamics, and group theory. This course contain numerous calculations and technical concepts that are difficult to grasp.

10 Hardest Courses at Medaille College

Medaille College is a private liberal arts college established in 1937. They focus on student’s success as a student and as a future professional by offering undergraduate and graduate degree programs in hands-on, practitioner-based learning environments on campus and in the Western New York community. Medaille College prepares students for a lifelong commitment to civic sustainability and professional success by granting them early access to career training. Here are the top 10 hardest courses at Medaille College.

1. ACC 305 – Cost Accounting

An image of cost accounting

This course develops the use of accounting data and the basic technical understanding to be applied internally by managers in directing the affairs of an organization. Such topics as budgeting, cost-volume-profit relationships, job-order and process costing, and standard costs will be covered. Computer applications included. There are lots of calculations in this course.

2. BIO 310 – Immunology

Pictorial representation of Immunology

The course is designed to provide students with in-depth knowledge of the current principles of immunology. Both humoral and cellular immune responses will be examined in terms of the cells involved and the method in which the cells recognize and react to foreign antigens. Several disease states that are controlled by host immunity will also be included. The course content is bulky and somewhat difficult to comprehend.

3. COM 211 – Mass Media Writing

An image showing the various components of Mass Media

This course is intended to provide the students with an opportunity to practice non-persuasive and persuasive writing for mass media audiences. The course will introduce the students to the various styles of writing for public relations, advertising, radio and television broadcasting and print media (newspaper and magazine) and the Web. It’s a very tough course.

4. PHY 200 – Principles of Physics I

A simple Principle of Physics

This course is an introduction to the underlying principles of physics that govern behaviour in the physical world. The topics of mechanics, heat, and waves will be covered. Emphasis will be placed on applications and problem-solving.

5. CRJ 415 – Research Methods in Criminal Justice

Pictorial representation of Criminal Justice

This course is designed to develop students confidence and appreciation of the various research tools used in the field of criminal justice. Additionally, the student will develop an enhanced appreciation for the approaches to scientific inquiry and an ability to evaluate the efficacy of research tools used in each and become good consumers of research.

6. INT 320 – American Popular Culture

This course is an upper-level introduction to the issues surrounding popular culture, particularly focused on production, consumption, and reception of popular culture. This course will explore the significance of popular culture as both a reflection of and an influence upon American attitudes, beliefs, expectations, hopes, and concerns. The theoretical framework for this course is very challenging and difficult to understand.

7. MGT 230 – Human Resource Management

A picture of Human Resource Management

This course examines the functions of human resource management within a business environment. Emphasis is placed upon the effective management of employees as a means of achieving organizational goals. Topics to be covered include the legal environment of human resources, planning and forecasting personnel needs, recruitment and employee selection, performance evaluation, employee motivational strategies, training and development, benefits management, and compensation analysis.

8. MAT 152 – College Geometry

A typical example of College Geometry

This course is an introductory study of the structures of geometry. It is designed for Elementary Education majors and students seeking a broader understanding of the area of geometry. Topics covered in this course include two- and three-dimensional geometric shapes, perimeter, area, volume, congruence and similarity, coordinate geometry, and transformations.

9. CHE 301 – Organic Chemistry II

Image of an advanced Organic Chemistry

The course supplies an expanded view of organic synthesis, reaction mechanisms, and stereochemistry. Emphasis will be placed on spectroscopy, molecular rearrangements, and applications to molecular genetics. This course includes three hours of lecture, three hours of laboratory and one hour of recitation per week. There are so many equations to memorize in this course.

10. PSY 379 – Parapsychology and Pseudoscience

A picture of Parapsychology and Pseudoscience

Specifically, this course will examine historical and current evidence given in the search for parapsychological phenomena such as extrasensory perception, telepathy, clairvoyance, and the validity of horoscopes. Also, current controversies in the psychological and medical literature will be addressed on such topics as repressed memories, multiple personality disorder, and touch therapy. This course is very boring and not interesting to read.

10 Hardest Courses at Marshall University

Marshall University is one of the best public research university located in Huntington, West Virginia, United States. They offer intensive advising, exceptional student success resources, modern facilities, a growing global community and robust extracurricular programming. Marshall University is composed of academic units that include the Colleges of Arts and Media, Business, Education and Professional Development, Information Technology and Engineering, Liberal Arts, Health Professions, and Science. Highlighted below are the 10 hardest course at Marshall University.

1. CHM 355 – Organic Chemistry

pictures from an organic chemistry laboratory

This is a 3-unit course which deals with the systematic study of organic chemistry including modern structural theory, spectroscopy, and stereochemistry, application of these topics to the study of reactions and their mechanisms and applications to synthesis. This is the course that makes many students switch majors because it’s very hard to understand.

2. MTH 229 – Calculus with Analytic Geometry I

An example of Calculus equation

If you’re not into math or not math-minded, this course can be a nightmare given the abstract and difficult concepts involved. This course is an introduction to calculus and analytic geometry, emphasizing critical thinking. Limits, derivatives, and integrals of the elementary functions of one variable, including the transcendental functions.

3. CE 421 – Groundwater and Seepage

An image of Groundwater and Seepage

Students complain about this course a lot because of the much time spent during lectures. Topics covered in this course are fundamentals of groundwater flow, permeability, seepage principles, flow net interpretation, analytical and numerical solutions of confined and unconfined flows, filter design, subsurface drainage, groundwater contamination, and disposal systems.

4. CMM 319 – Superior-subordinate Communication

A pictorial representation of Superior-subordinate Communication

This course covers the survey of principles underlying communication between superiors and subordinates in organizations. Emphasis is placed upon communication strategies regarding role definition, performance feedback, development and maintenance of relationships, conflict management, leadership, decision making. The material to study for this course very enormous, which makes it a very hard course.

5. CIT 236 – Data Structures

Several components of Data Structures

This course discussed in details the fundamental topics of information technology including the concepts of object orientation, linear data structures, data representation, data manipulation algorithms and their applications, and project participation. This course is tough because there’s a lot of codes and course notes to memorize.

6. EE 380 – Microprocessor Design

complete set-up of Microprocessor Design

Hardware and software for real-time microprocessor-based digital systems are treated in this course. Basic concepts of on-chip components related to digital system functionality and introduction to 32-bit machines with the treatment of 16- and 8- bit machines are also covered. This course is tough because of the high level of technicalities involved especially in the practical section.

7. FIN 380 – Entrepreneurial Finance

A pictorial representation of Entrepreneurial Finance

Entrepreneurial Finance examines the principles of small business finance which include projecting financial needs and surveying potential sources of financing. Other areas covered include financial forecasting and sources of capital. The course content is very bulky and boring.

8. JMC 440 – Mass Communication Ethics

An image showing the components of mass media

This course study the basic concepts underlying contemporary American mass communications operations and practices and how those concepts affect professional ethics in the field. Examination of ethical conflicts encountered and the application of ethical principles when determining solutions are also discussed. This is the hardest course in journalism and mass communication.

9. MGT 420 – Operations Management

A picture of project management

Students are taught the management of operating systems including system design, implementation and control. Analysis of the system in the areas of product, process, material quality, and facilities management are also covered. Topics include breakeven analysis, inventory models, transportation models, and network analysis.

10. PHY 330 – Mechanics

 picture of gears in mechanics

This course is an intermediate study of the fundamental principles of statics of particles and rigid bodies, momentum and energy, dynamics of particles, harmonic oscillations, and wave motion. This course involves all sorts of memorization as well as understanding the basic concept of physics.

10 Hardest Courses at Long Island University

Long Island University is one of the nation’s largest private Universities that was established in 1926. LIU Brooklyn continues to enable students to realize their full potential as ethically grounded, intellectually vigorous, and socially responsible global citizens. The university offers more than 500 undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral degree programs and certificates, with more than 20,000 students. Here are the hardest courses at Long Island University.

1. BIO 203 – Biology of Cancer

The biology of cancer cell shape

Several topics, such as genetics, immunology, cell biology, virology, and chemical pollution of the environment, are treated within the context of their relevancy to investigating and understanding the nature of cancer. The course requires students to attend regularly scheduled departmental classes and seminars. Students read research articles, class notes and textbooks in order to prepare for this course.

2. CHM 57 – Quantum Chemistry

The pictorial representation of Quantum Chemistry

This course is the quantitative introduction to the major concepts of quantum statistics and its applications to modern chemistry and quantum chemistry calculations. Quantum methods of studying the relationships of bulk properties of matter with the structure of molecules and their interactions are examined. This is very hard because of the rigorous calculations involved.

3. NUR 400 – Nursing Research and Evidence-Based Practice

picture of stehoscope in the shape of a heart

This course introduces the student to the processes of scientific inquiry and research with an emphasis on developing skills as a consumer of research. Students will gain knowledge in the areas of research methods, critical appraisal of research, and concepts of evidence-based practice. It is a 3-unit course, students are advised to study well in order to get good grades.

4. RDT 128 – Pathophysiology

An image showing what is pathopsychology

The changes in the human body that may be biological, physical, chemical or anatomical which induce disease or an abnormal process are discussed. The etiology and pathogenesis of altered body systems are emphasized. How change can significantly reduce normal function of body systems is also identified. The practical section is the most difficult part of this course.

5. HIM 206 – CPT Outpatient Coding System

A picture of  CPT Outpatient Coding System

This course emphasizes the unique coding requirements in the Diagnosis Related Groups environment. Students learn to code procedures utilizing the CPT-4 coding methodology. Coding supervision is emphasized as well as coding TQM (Time Quality Management). This course is very difficult for medical students because they are not used to coding.

6. SOC 19 – Political Sociology

An image of political sociology

This course is an examination of power in society: definitions, theories, and studies of who has the power to do what to whom. In addition, the course includes the symbolic uses of politics, the politics of status, the subordination of economic interests, the political roles of intellectuals, voting and political participation, democracy, totalitarianism and mass society. It’s a very tough course for sociology students.

7. MKT 61 – Product Strategy

Different components of Product Strategy

This course presents a comprehensive presentation of the product planning and development process. Topics include idea generation, concept development, screening criteria, concept testing, commercialization and the development of marketing plans. Marketing mix decisions and strategies over the product’s life cycle are also covered. The global dimensions of product development and product strategies, as well as ethical issues, are explored and integrated into the course.

8. MIS 20 – Information Systems Management

Pictorial representation of Information Systems Management

This course is an overview of information systems technology. This course will emphasize management concepts and strategy essential for the selection, development, design, implementation, use, and maintenance of information technologies (IT) and information systems (IS) applications. Business case studies are used to facilitate classroom discussion.

9. GGR 25 – Economic Geography

A geographical image showing the world economic

This course is a study of the area differentiation of economic activities over the surface of the earth, and the physical and human environmental factors affecting the geographical pattern of economic activity. This course requires regular class attendance, as assignments are being given in each class.

10. PHY 50 – Digital Electronics

Basic logic gates in Digital Electronics

This course is an introduction to digital systems, including treatment of combinational logic, switching algebra, minimization of logic networks, flip-flops and other circuit elements, sequential networks and the design of digital systems. This course has recorded the worst grade in physics department so far. A large percentage of students find it very difficult to comprehend.

10 Hardest Courses at Long Beach City College

Long Beach City College is one of the best public community college situated in Long Beach, California. It was established in 1927 with the sole purpose of providing equitable student learning and achievement, academic excellence, and workforce development by delivering high-quality educational programs and support services to our diverse communities. The College provides an environment in which students, faculty, and staff build relationships that are understanding and supportive. Highlighted below are the top 10 hardest courses at Long Beach City College.

1. ACR 240 – Advanced Air Conditioning

Image of advanced ceiling air conditioner

This is an advanced course that requires knowledge of air conditioning mechanical and electrical systems. This course will cover the operation, maintenance and troubleshooting of commercial and industrial HVAC systems. This course also covers theory and practices associated with chilled water systems, absorption chilled water systems, cooling towers and pumps. This course requires 54 hours of lectures and 54 hours of rigorous laboratory practical section.

2. CARP 227- Finish Carpentry

typical picture of custom Finish Carpentry

This is an advanced course in carpentry covering residential interior finishes. Topics of instruction include drywall installation, taping and texturing; hanging doors and installing door hardware; installing trim, including baseboard, window and door casing, chair rail and wainscot and crown moulding, interior design, estimating, and layout. This course consumes student’s time a lot with 108 hours practical section and a few hours of lecture.

3. AMECH 421 – Auto Mechanics 1

A pictorial representation of auto repair mechanics

This course is an introductory course covering the principles of the operation of the modern automobile. This course will provide practical experience in maintenance and repair at the owner-operator level. This is one of the hardest courses in automotive technology due to the high technicalities involved.

4. COSP 38 – Database Concepts

various components of basic Database Concepts

This course covers the concepts and technologies of database systems. Topics include data modelling, design, and the implementation of relational databases, Structured Query Language SQL, concurrency control, distributed database systems, data warehousing, Web-enabled database technologies, and the functions of database administration. COSP 38 is a very hard course because it involves much of advanced coding.

5. BIO 61 – Human Biology 2

Computer Animation of human body

This course is an introduction to the study of disease, including cause, prevention and symptoms of the common human diseases. The course assumes a basic understanding of anatomy and physiology. Biology 61 is designed for the general student and those in the health technology fields. The course content is bulky, as such, students are advised to start early preparation.

6. AH 285 – Health Care CPR and Vital Signs

picture of CPR training being done on a mannequin

This course is designed for students entering the healthcare field. Topics covered include Health Care provider CPR, including Automatic Defibulator training, and assessment of vital signs and their significance in patient care. This course is very tough because no mistakes are tolerated.

7. ELECT 202 – Electrical Mathematics

An example of Electrical Mathematics

A study of mathematics used in the electrical and construction trades. Topics in arithmetic, fractions, decimals, percentages, graphing, measurement and introduction to algebra are covered. Most students fail this course because of the abstract and advanced calculations involved.

8. DIESL 391A – Hydraulics

A typical example of an hydraulic component

This is an advanced course in heavy equipment hydraulic systems which supports a variety of heavy diesel applications. Topics will include shop safety practices, industry terminology and testing, troubleshooting, analysis and repair of hydraulic components. Adequate safety rules are required to be observed by students in this course because of the risks involved in the practical section.

9. ECON 5 – The Global Economy

An image representing The Global Economy

This course examines the location and organization of international economic activities from an economic, cultural, political, and environmental perspective. Topics covered by a faculty team drawn from economics and geography include the spatial distribution of resources and production, global flows of information, capital and labour and regional inequalities such as income distribution, poverty, discrimination and standard of living. It’s a hard course.

10. MACHT 202 – CNC Programming

A picture of CNC Programming technique

CNC Programming is the hardest of all courses in the machine tool section. This course covers the study of Computer Numerical Control (CNC) programming with an emphasis on contouring, canned cycles, cutter diameter compensation, looping, macro subroutines and multiple part programming for three-axis milling machines and CNC lathes.

10 Hardest Courses at HCC

Hillsborough Community College is founded in 1968 as part of a 28-member community college system. Hillsborough Community College is currently the seventh largest community college in the State of Florida, serving more than 44,000 students each year. They offer s series of amazing courses both at the undergraduate and masters level. Here are the top 10 hardest courses offered at Hillsborough Community College.

1. ETS 2527 – Electromechanical Components and Mechanisms

different electromechanical parts

This course combines processes and procedures drawn from electrical and mechanical engineering. Electromechanics focuses on the interaction of electrical and mechanical systems as a whole and how the two systems interact with each other. Topics covered include magnetic reluctance, torque, and linear motion analysis, principles of mechanisms, the design of cams, and fundamentals of gears. This course requires in-depth calculations and analysis, as such, most students finds it difficult to pass.

2. CET 2152C – Advanced Microprocessors

Image of a typical Embedded Microprocessor

This course is one of the toughest in the electronics department. students will have to spend more time on the computer doing analysis and coming up with the best system designs. The course is designed to provide a comprehensive guide for Embedded System designers and Computer Engineers. Topics in the course include hardware and software design methodologies, use of CAD and simulation tools, assemblers, compilers, debuggers, and programmers.

3. MAN 2604 – Intercultural Relations in Business

An image depicting Intercultural Relations in Business

This course will provide a practical introduction to Intercultural Studies for International Business through a theoretical and interactive approach. Students will discuss key intercultural concepts, develop attitudes and skills that support successful interactions with new cultures, examine key intercultural models, and expand and apply their knowledge of the culture. The course content is bulky and it’s difficult to comprehend.

4. CLP 2140 – Abnormal Psychology

Several components of Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with psychopathology and abnormal behaviour, often in a clinical context. The term covers a broad range of disorders, from depression to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) to personality disorders. This course requires students to think critically and come up with a reasonable fact from every case study. The volume of assignments in this course frustrates students.

5. CJE 2664 – Advanced Crime and Intel Analysis

Image of CCTV for Advanced Crime and Intel Analysis

This course provide students with an overview of basic criminal intelligence and investigative analysis techniques in modern law enforcement. It also include geographic information systems and crime mapping techniques. This is the hardest course in Crime and Intelligence analysis.

6. CGS 2827 – Advanced Graphics-Multimedia and Internet

A typical image of Advanced Graphics

This course enables students to create 2D and 3D designs, use animation techniques and study advances in the field.  In this course, students will study the movements that shaped today’s design world. Topics covered are Photo editing with Adobe Photoshop, Advanced desktop publishing design, and Object-oriented programming with Java. Although this course looks interesting, the quantity of materials that students needs to study are just too much. As such, larger percentage of students gets bad grade.

7. POS 2041 – American Government

Picture of American flag and seat of power

American Government is a class designed to acquaint students with the origins, concepts, organizations, and policies of the United States government and political system. The course content is bulky, therefore, students are required to study wide. It is also a hard course.

8. BUL 2241 – Business Law I

An image of Business Law

This is a study of legal principles applied to business transactions. Topics covered include contracts, criminal law and business, business torts, court systems, and commercial paper. This course is a prerequisite for other advanced courses in Business Administration. So it’s compulsory for students to pass it.

9. AST 1002C – Astronomy

The orderly arrangement of the planets

This course introduces the science of modern astronomy with a concentration on the solar system. Emphasis is placed on the history and physics of astronomy and an introduction to the solar system, including the planets, comets, and meteors. Students record the worst grade in this course due to the fact that it’s difficult to comprehend.

10. ANT 2410 – Cultural Anthropology

A pictorial representation of Cultural Anthropology?

This course encourages students to learn about different cultures and to apply their knowledge to make sense of their own society. Drawing on a range of anthropological theories and concepts, the course aims to understand why people are who they are, and why they do what they do. The lectures are always boring and long. It always so much of written notes and material.