10 Hardest Courses at the University of Southern Mississippi

The University of Southern Mississippi is a comprehensive public research institution delivering transformative programs to students. The University is dedicated to scholarship and learning, integrating students at all levels in the creation and application of knowledge through excellence in teaching, research, creative activities, outreach, and service. Highlighted below are the top hardest courses offered at The University of Southern Mississippi.

1. ACC 330 – Federal Income Tax Accounting

calculators and coins placed on a table with tax written on whiteboard

This course is the hardest in the department of accounting. Topics covered in the course are very difficult to understand. Students are required to be well-grounded in mathematical calculations and constant study in order to pass this course.

2. ANT 445 – Bioarcheology

dinosaur fossil

Methods and theories used in the interpretation of skeletal and mortuary data in archaeological contexts are covered in this course. This concept of this course is totally abstract and very difficult to understand. It is one of the hardest courses in anthropology.

3. BSC 382 – Microbial Ecology

microbial organisms viewed by microscope

Micro-organisms such as fungi, spirogyra, bacterial are thoroughly studied in this course. The lectures are very frustrating and boring. Students are required to spend 6 hours of lectures per week just for a 3-unit course.

4. CHE 404 – Spectral Elucidation of Structure

A typical example of Spectral Elucidation of Structure

Students need to brush up their knowledge of first-year physics before taking this course. Topics covered include the applications of vibrational, electronic, nuclear magnetic resonance, and mass spectrometry to structure determination. This course is totally abstract, and the formulas are very difficult to memorize.

5. CSC 417 – Software Process Engineering

The components of Software Process Engineering

Different programming software packages are used in this course. Students are required to study each line of codes and apply them to the development of software. What makes this course very hard is the advanced project which each student must complete within a limited period of time.

6. ECO 470 – Comparative Economic Systems

different people with different currencies

The concept of fascism, socialism and capitalism are covered in this course. There are numerous materials and notes to memorize in this course. Students are advised to spend more time to read in order to perform well in this course.

7. EET 323 – Advanced Analytical Methods

The board of an electronic system

This course covers the concept of advanced analytical methods used in electronics. Topics treated are Transfer functions, z-transform methods for discrete time signals and systems, frequency-domain methods. This course is very hard to pass because of the rigorous calculations involved.

8. GHY 330 – The Geography of Exploration

picture of map of the world with a magnifying glass on it

This course highlights the significant discoveries and examines how geographical information is gotten through explorers, scientists, and traders. Class attendance and assignments are an integral part of this course because they contribute to the final grade of students. The practical section of this course is very tedious and hard.

9. KIN 437 – Kinesiotherapy I

gym with modern facilities

This course introduces the basic concept of kinesiotherapy. The function of the spine in relation to body fitness will be thoroughly evaluated. Students spend most of the course content is very bulky and boring. The topics covered in this course are very hard which makes many students to fail.

10. MGT 472 – Advanced Human Resource Management

The different aspects of Human Resource Management

This is the hardest course in the department of management. Different types of training, development, employee relations and negotiations are used to further enlighten the students. The materials to study course are numerous and it always makes students confused. Therefore, students are advised to start an early preparation in order to perform well in this course.

10 Hardest Courses at the University of West Florida

The University of West Florida is a well-known public university located in Pensacola, Florida, United States. This University was established in 1963 to provide high-quality undergraduate and graduate education, conduct teaching and research that services the body of knowledge, and contribute to the needs of professions and society. They offer varieties of incredible courses at both graduate and undergraduate level. Here are the top 10 hardest courses offered at the University of West Florida.

1. MAR 4324 – Integrated Marketing Communications

Different types of Integrated Marketing Communications

This course examines the principles of advertising, sales promotion, and related tools within the context of the overall marketing communications program. It requires 5 hours of rigorous lectures per week. tudents must memorize their lecture notes in order to pass this course.

2. ANT 3015 – Forensics in the Media

A man checking out CCTV footage

This course provides students with relevant learning experiences focusing on the standard methods and techniques of forensic science and how it is inaccurately portrayed in popular media. It also dispels CSI related myths in popular media, while learning about the multidisciplinary science behind real crime scene investigations. Students are usually given hard projects towards the end of the course.

3. BCH 3033 – Biochemistry I

picture of a pipette

This course deals with the classification, function, and chemistry of proteins, carbohydrates, and nucleic acids and the smaller molecules from which they are derived. Topics covered include conformational properties of biomolecules, enzyme kinetics and mechanisms, allosterism and cooperativity. The laboratory section is the hardest part of this course.

4. BCN 2405  – Statics and Strength of Materials

A long bridge constructed over a very wide river.

This course analyzes the strength of structural elements for buildings, bridges and specialized structures that utilize steel and timber and concrete. This course covers the statics of particles, rigid bodies, friction, and strengths of materials such as wood, steel and concrete. The calculations of the strength of materials in this course are very difficult.

5. CEN 4078 – Secure Software Development

secure software represented with a cartoon image

This course examines the importance of building security into the design, implementation and testing phases of software development. It also covers coding techniques that avoid known vulnerabilities and test strategies that can uncover previously unknown weaknesses. This course is highly technical and very hard because of the difficult advanced coding involved.

6. ECO 3504 – Public Policy

picture of puzzle piece with word public on it placed on blank space called policies

This course examines the role of the public sector in the economy. The aim of the course is to provide an understanding of the reasons for government intervention in the economy, the extent of that intervention, and how government actions affect the economy including the response of private agents to these actions. Students are required to know the material from previous classes to be successful in this one.

7. AST 3222 – Introduction to Astrophysics

the beautiful universe showing the planets and the sun

This course deals with a comprehensive survey of the universe in relation to Seasons, tides, eclipses. The solar system will also be treated as a major part of this course. The hardest part of this course is the difficulty in translating what is being taught in the classroom to the real world.

8. FIN 3144 – Financial Planning with Business Applications

puzzle being made with word financial on last piece being placed on blank spot with word planning

This course covers the business applications and considerations that owners and employees in various industries face. Furthermore, this course considers a variety of consumer financial issues for personal household management. The concept of this course is very difficult to comprehend.

9. PHY 4604 – Quantum Theory I

graphic illustration of quantum theory

This course covers the theory of quantum mechanics. This theory is the foundations of modern physics and is an introduction to the main concepts and tools for applying quantum mechanics to a variety of different problems. This course is totally abstract and there’s absolutely nothing you can relate it to. Many students end up failing it.

10. GLY 4240 – Geochemistry

natural reaction taking place on the land

The fundamentals of the interactions between geological and chemical concepts in Earth systems are discussed in this course. Students will assess how chemical properties influence geological and environmental processes in a range of Earth environments. Topics will include the application of geochemical tools to interpret modern and ancient environments. Students will spend money, time, and energy on field trips and they might still not have good grades at the end of the semester.

10 Hardest Courses at the University of North Florida

The University of North Florida is one of the best public university located in Jacksonville, Florida United States. The university is ranked very high in the country due to its excellent academic performance and advanced academic researches. They offer quite a number of amazing courses in both Undergraduate and Master’s level. Highlighted below are the top 10 hardest courses offered at the University of North Florida.

1. MAT 3930 – Mathematical Science

An image of Mathematical Science

This course covers advanced topics in statistics, data science and programming. The calculations involved in this course are very tough. If you’re not into math or not math-minded, this course can be a nightmare given the abstract and difficult concepts involved.

2. BCH 3023 – Bioorganic Chemistry

Various components of Bioorganic Chemistry

This course examines the carbon chemistry of biological substances, the structure and function of biological molecules. The concept of this course is very difficult to understand, which makes many students not to perform well.

3. ACG 4682 – Forensic Accounting

An image of Forensic Accounting

This course is an examination of the tools and techniques utilized in forensic accounting. Basic topics include generally accepted accounting principles, financial statements, income determination, and presentation. The course consists of a lot of computations and mathematical calculations that students find hard to get.

4. FIN 3124 – Financial Planning

A pictorial representation of Financial Planning

This course provides a comprehensive examination of the general principles of financial planning, professional conduct and examination. It also covers topics like reserves and earning assets, loans and discounts, accounting analysis, income and expense, services, personnel and public relations. This course is hard because there are so many calculations and notes to memorize.

5. ECO 3411 – Business and Economic Statistics

Business and Economic Statistics

This course is an introduction to the essential concepts, tools and methods of statistics for students in business, economics and similar disciplines, although it has a wider interest. It’s a very hard course.

6. EGS 3038 – Leadership for Engineers

A picture of Leadership for Engineers

This course uses a weekly seminar format with guest speakers and student presentations to understand the concept of leadership as an engineer. Students are usually given project topics on short notice, thereby making them score low mark during presentations.

7. GEO 2420 – Cultural Geography

An image of Cultural Geography

This course analyzes the characteristics of human behaviour in different cultures throughout the world. This course makes many students switch majors because it’s very boring and hard.

8. PHY3101 – Modern Physics

The image of Modern Physics

Students that register for this course are taught the knowledge and understanding of some of the laws, principles and theories of physics. , some topics in applied mathematics of interest to scientists and engineers are selected. Students with poor calculation background might not perform well in this course.

9. PHI 4220 – Philosophy of Language

The concept behind the Philosophy of Language

This course explores the lasting significance of the linguistic turn in philosophy, including its different philosophical perspectives in analytical situations. This course contains numerous course notes and materials. Student finds is difficult to complete the course content.

10. CHM 4410 – Physical Chemistry I

Physical Chemistry's calculation and experiment

This course provides a basic understanding of the core area of physical chemistry, based around the theme of systems, states and processes. Topics covered are chemical thermodynamics and equilibria, and kinetics. A good understanding of physical chemistry is important to students intending to complete a major study in chemistry, and it lies at the borderline with engineering.

10 Hardest Courses at the University of North Georgia

The University of North Georgia is situated in the fastest-growing region of the state. This university was formed through the consolidation of North Georgia College and State University and Gainesville State College. The mission of the university is focused on academic excellence and co-curricular programs that develop students into leaders for a diverse and global society. Here are the top 10 hardest courses that are offered at the University of North Georgia.

1. BIOL 3326K – Vertebrate Zoology

An image of Vertebrate Zoology

This course is an overview of the general taxonomy, morphology, physiology, ecology, and evolution of vertebrates. The course includes a rigorous laboratory. This is a very difficult course because students will spend at least 6 hours of practical per week.

2. PHYS 4210 – Nuclear Physics

A pictorial representation of Nuclear Physics

This course is a study of the properties of the nucleus, radioactivity, and interaction of radiation with matter. It also covers the detection of nuclear radiation, nuclear models and nuclear reactions. This is the hardest course in the department of physics.

3. CHEM 2734 – Analytical Chemistry

The basic concept of Analytical Chemistry

This is an introductory course to quantitative analysis, kinetics, equilibrium reactions and calculations, thermodynamics and electrochemistry. The laboratory will stress elementary statistics and titrations and the use of instruments such as pH meters and spectrophotometers. There are lots of technical data to analyze and report in this course.

4. ENGL 2215 – Magazine Production II

An image of Magazine Production unit

This course offers students instruction in writing, editing, and designing a literary and art publication. As a practicum, it allows students the opportunity to work on the production of the annual magazine. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. This course is very boring and highly demanding.

5. ART 4453 – Digital Illustration

A simple example of Digital Illustration

This is an advanced studio course in the principles and practices of digital illustration. Most of the major illustration fields are explored. Students will complete a series of illustrations utilizing a variety of software and techniques. Use of the computer as an illustration tool is emphasized. This course is very demanding and it will require students to spend more money on projects.

6. ENGR 3200 – Engineering Dynamics

An image of Engineering Dynamics

This course deals with the study of the kinematics and kinetics of particles and rigid bodies that include the dynamics of particles, work and kinetic energy, impulse and momentum, rigid body motions, moving coordinate systems and relative motion, and basic mechanical vibrations. This contains numerous difficult calculations and assignments are given to students in each class.

7. NURS 4010 – Nursing Research Practicum

Pictorial representation of Nursing Research Practicum

This course offers the student an opportunity for active participation in a nursing research project with the approval of the supervising faculty members. This course allows students to apply their beginning research and skills to selected areas of focus. Advanced research skill is needed in this course.

8. MGMT 4655 – Advanced Operations Management

A picture of Advanced Operations Management

This course is an in-depth study of the nature and scope of production and operations management in modern manufacturing and service firms and industries are presented. A sampling of the topics emphasized includes quality control, inventory control, efficiency, planning and scheduling and other OM principles. The intent of this course is to expose the students to real business applications, computer applications and/or relevant academic research.

9. GEOG 4200K – Biogeography

The fundamental concept of Biogeography

If you register this course, then be prepared to memorize a lot of course materials. This course analyzes the interactions in nature and potential consequences of climatic and global environmental change on biodiversity. Topics covered include the arrival and differentiation of species, impacts of climate and plate tectonics on biodiversity, isolation, marine and island biogeography, and ecosystems.

10. MATH 3010 – Partial Differential Equation

An image of Partial Differential Equation

Topics include power series method for solving ordinary differential equations, Fourier series and integrals, orthogonal functions and partial differential equations with boundary conditions. Students with bad mathematics background don’t do well in this course because of the advanced calculations involved.

10 Hardest Courses at The Catholic University of America

The Catholic University of America is a unique national university of the Catholic Church higher education institution founded by the U.S. bishops.  This institution was founded in 1887 as a chartered graduate and research centre, and the University began offering undergraduate education in 1904. The Catholic University of America seeks to discover and impart the truth through excellence in teaching and research. Highlighted below are the top 10 hardest courses at the Catholic University of America.

1. ACCT 312 – Cost Accounting

A picture of Cost Accounting written on a clipboard with glasses and calculator

This course discusses cost accounting systems and cost allocation problems, analysis of differential costs for decision making, use of standard cost and flexible budgets for performance evaluation. The course consists of a lot of computations and mathematical calculations that students might find hard.

2. CSC 312 – Microprocessor Programming

bunch of microprocessors

The PIC processor architecture will be studied in this course by utilizing Windows based integrated development environment and tools suite. A PIC hardware evaluation board is used as the basis for interfacing experiments. A hardware/software project will be assigned to students toward the end of the course. The course is 50% lab and 50% lecture and students usually find it difficult to pass.

3. FIN 332 – Investment Analysis

Picture of charts and diagrams overlayed on top of paper with magnifying glass

This course covers the general analysis of different types of securities, the markets in which they are traded and examination of the economic and financial factors that affect their prices. Special attention to the analysis and interpretation of financial data for investment decision making and to the application of different valuation and portfolio selection models. It’s a very boring course and it’s hard as well.

4. MGT 322 – Business Law II: Business Organizations and Property Rights

Business Law II: Business Organizations and Property Rights?

This course is an overview of certain basic legal concepts and principles pertaining to the business world, focusing on business organizations and property rights. It also covers agency law and the legal aspects of formation, operation and termination of partnerships and corporations. There are lots of materials to memorize in this course, which makes it very hard.

5. ECON 102 – Principles of Microeconomics

The demand and supply curve in economics

This course is an introduction to microeconomic principles. Students will be introduced to the analytical tools of microeconomic analysis used to examine the behaviour of consumers and producers, and how they interact in various types of market structures to determine prices and outputs. This may require the students to spend extra hours of studies outside class.

6. MKT 346 – Market Research

The basic elements of market research in a word cloud

The market research process involves designing, conducting, and using marketing research studies. This course provides extensive coverage of the components of a market research project, qualitative research, survey and experimental designs and data analysis with statistical software packages. Students find it very challenging to make the software package in this course.

7. BE 402 – Advanced Biomechanics

Image of an Advanced Biomechanics

This course provides students with advanced topics of traditional and contemporary biomechanics. Topics covered include biological materials, measurement techniques, advanced force system analysis, energy considerations, simulation using musculoskeletal models, optimization of inverse and forward dynamics. Students will have to allocate a lot of study time in order to grasp the concepts and excel in exams.

8. EE 312 – Microprocessor Programming and Design

Microprocessor Programming and Design seen in a chart

This course presents the fundamentals of microprocessor architecture and interfacing. Topics include instruction set architecture, C/C++ language, debugging and IO device interfacing techniques. This is an advanced course and the hardest in the department of electrical engineering due to the technicalities involved.

9. SOC 452 – Senior Coordinating Seminar

An image representing a business meeting with everyone's opinions illustrated by colourful speech bubbles

This seminar draws on the students’ prior learning in sociology and other fields in the liberal arts curriculum and coordinates various approaches to the understanding of reality. Critical analysis in classroom discussions of insights gained from other disciplines which, in turn, serve as a basis for analyzing other approaches. This course is a major criterion for student’s graduation.

10. PHYS 412 – Mathematical Physics II

The components of Mathematical Physics

In this course, some topics in applied mathematics can be interesting to scientists and engineers. Topics include ordinary and partial differential equations, Fourier and Laplace transform, and special functions. Students who struggle in mathematics might not perform well in this course.

10 Hardest Courses at the University of North Texas

University of North Texas the most comprehensive public research university providing top quality education. The university is located in Denton, Texas, a town that offers a peaceful haven for study and research. UNT’s faculty and staff work each day to prepare students for the challenges they will meet in our changing world. Here are the 10 hardest courses at the University of North Texas.

1. AERO 3320 – Leadership Studies

An image of Leadership Studies

This course entails the study of leadership and management fundamentals, professional knowledge, and leadership ethics and communication skills required of an Air Force officer. It’s a very demanding course that requires students to attend all lectures and seminars.

2. CHEM 3610 – Quantitative Techniques

Scientific Glassware For Chemical Background

This course highlights the modern methods used in analytical chemistry such as statistical treatment of data, gravimetric and titrimetric methods, spectrophotometric, chromatographic, potentiometric, and radioisotope techniques. It contains rigorous and advanced calculations which students find very difficult to solve.

3. BIOL 3331 – Biomedical Criminalistics

Research in Biomedical Criminalistics

Survey of the various forensic sciences with emphasis on direct examination of human remains and directly related biological evidence are covered in this course. Students learn how cases arise, i.e. how remains are located, recovered and processed. This course requires students to memorize definition and concepts. It’s a hard course indeed.

4. CSCE 3420 – Internet Programming

pictorial representation of Internet Programming

This course covers Internet programming in depth, including client-server peer-to-peer, and web applications. The primary goal is to help students understand the principles of how distributed applications are built, while also giving them practical experience in creating common Internet applications. Student complains a lot about this course because it consumes most of their time and it doesn’t give them the space to study other courses adequately.

5. ECON 4550 – Law and Economics

An image of Law and Economics

This course is an introduction to the mutual interaction between legal systems and economic activity. Topics include an introduction to legal systems and institutions, legal analysis, application of economic concepts to various legal doctrines, contracts, torts, criminal law, constitutional law, regulation and antitrust If you don’t like reading and making researches then you might not perform well in this course.

6. COMM 3920 – Organizational Communication

typical example of Organizational Communication

Principles of communication applied in the organizational environment are taught in this course. It also focuses on the diagnosis, analysis, and resolution methods related to communication-based problems with organizations. It’s a very boring and hard course.

7. PHIL 4650 – Philosophy of Water

The image of an ocean

Students examine water issues at the interface of science, policy, philosophy, art and culture in this course. Philosophical approaches include ethics, aesthetics and ontology of water; epistemological analysis of water conflicts; local and global governance theories. This course has the highest number of failure.

8. ENGR 2332 – Mechanics of Materials

The Mechanics of bridge

This course covers the relationships among loads placed on structural components, shape and size of components. Students are also taught the resultant stresses, strains and deflections of components. There are multiple assignments all through and students feel burdened by the amount of work at hand.

9. GEOG 3010 – Economic Geography

The pictorial representation of Economic Geography

This course examines the inter-connected and interdependent world economy. Focuses on world-systems, production, distribution, finance, labour, economic policies and economic change, and their socio-cultural implications. It also fosters critical thinking along with social and environmental responsibility. It is the hardest course in the department of geography.

10. MGMT 4660 – International Management Perspectives

An image representing International Management Perspectives

A comprehensive framework is used to study the management of multinational operations in cross-cultural environments with a focus on the decisions that managers must make. Topics include strategic planning, organization, human resources, operations management, entrepreneurship and ethics. Many students fail this course because of the large number of materials to read.

10 Hardest Courses at Providence College

Providence College is one of the best private Roman Catholic University located in Rhode Island, United States. This college was founded in 1917 by the Dominican Friars at the invitation of Bishop Harkins to provide a Catholic education in the arts and sciences. Providence College is committed to academic excellence and holds itself to the highest standards in teaching, learning, and scholarship. Here are the top 10 hardest courses offered at Providence College.

1. ACC 405 – Advanced Accounting

An image of Advanced financial Accounting

This course emphasizes the application of accounting principles and the objectives of financial reporting relative to a variety of entities. The corporate entity is explored in the context of business combinations and consolidations. Accounting and reporting for governmental units and not-for-profit entities are surveyed. This calculations in this course are very complicated, as such, most students find them very difficult to solve.

2. MGT 301 – Organizational Behavior

organizational behavior

This course examines how people behave both as individuals and as members of groups in organizational contexts. Topics include job attitudes and performance, motivation, group dynamics and team effectiveness, leadership, power and influence, decision-making, and cross-cultural diversity. This course is extremely challenging and boring.

3. FIN 311 – Management Science

The principles and techniques of Management Science

This course introduces the standard tools in Management Science as applied to problem-solving and decision making in business. It emphasizes the elementary concepts and procedures in management science which includes optimization, simulation, and network modelling. This is the hardest course for finance students.

4. MKT 205 – Principles of Marketing

An image of marketing strategy

This course explores the basic principles, theories, problems, and practices in the ever-changing marketing environment and its impact on product, price, promotion, and distribution decisions in the domestic and global market. Emphasis is placed on the marketing functions, planning, and the distribution of goods and services from the producer to consumer. This course contains a lot of work, memorizing and takes commitment but, with motivation, it’s manageable.

5. PHL 339 – Environmental Philosophy

A picture of Environmental Philosophy

This course is a study of the relationship of human beings to the nonhuman world. Topics may include the mechanism, land rights, animal rights, deep ecology, stewardship, preservation, and conservation. Emphasis is placed on the interdisciplinary nature of environmental concerns. It’s a very hard course.

6. ARH 106 – Art History Survey

The concept of Art History Survey

A survey of the visual arts in relation to political, religious, social, economic, and aesthetic values from prehistoric times to the present, primarily focused on the Western tradition are covered in this course. This course makes many students switch majors because it’s very hard to comprehend.

7. MTH 215 – Linear Algebra

A sample picture of Linear Algebra

This course deals with the systematic study of the basic concepts of linear algebra. Topics include systems of linear equations, matrices, determinants, finite dimensional vector spaces, linear transformation, eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and diagonalization. Students with bad mathematics background don’t do well in this course because of the advanced calculations involved.

8. BIO 205 – Human Anatomy

Human organ systems from an integrated and functional perspective, especially for students preparing for non-medical school or allied health programs. The laboratory includes cat dissection and human anatomical models as well as the latest software technology.

9. PSC 201 – American Government and Politics

American Government and Politics

Students are taught the analysis of American political institutions, politics, and political behaviour in this course. The interrelated nature of public opinion, pressure groups, political parties, the decision-making structures, and public policy are surveyed. The course content is very bulky, therefore, students are advised to start early preparation.

10. SOC 323 – Contemporary Social Problems

various components of Contemporary Social Problems?

This course covers the major social problems of contemporary American society. Attention is given to the problems of poverty, racism, sexism, war, the environment, overpopulation, drug use, and crime. An analysis is made of the structural causes and consequences of these issues.

10 Hardest Courses at Robert Morris University

Robert Morris University is a private university in suburban Pittsburgh. Robert Morris University prepares students for great careers and great lives. They have more than 80 undergraduate and graduate degree programs, plus a variety of professional certificates and customizable programs for corporate and organizational partners. As a student-centered institution, Robert Morris University transforms lives by building knowledge and skills, and by providing the foundations of engagement and well-being.

1. CHEM 2320 – Organic Chemistry I

Image of a standard chemistry lab

This course is an advanced level chemistry course. It is designed to fulfil the organic chemistry requisites for biology and chemistry majors as well as for pre-medical, pre-dental, pharmacy, chiropractic, and chemical engineering schools. Students registering for this course must have a good background in general chemistry. Knowledge of chemical bonding, structure and physical properties, acid-base theory, kinetics and equilibrium are fundamental for the concept building approach of organic chemistry.

2. MGMT 3180 – Management Science

A pictorial representation of some analysis in Management Science

This course introduces the student to the fundamentals of business operations. The course stresses the vital importance of understanding unique, environmental factors as major determinants of success or failure in managing around the world. Management, marketing, accounting, economics and finance are discussed extensively. It’s a very hard course.

3. MATH 3030 – Operations Research I

A diagrammatic composition of Operations Research

This course introduces students to quantitative methods and applications in business decision-making. The quantitative models studied in this course include matrix models, the Leontief input/output model, Markov chains, linear programming with shadow pricing and sensitivity analysis, transportation and assignment algorithms, and network models. Computer software is used as a practical implementation of these models.

4. PHIL 2009 – Business Ethics

The features of Business Ethics

This course examines theories useful in analyzing business ethics, the ethical variables present in business issues, and the ethical dimensions of business decisions. Cases of past decisions made and situations faced by some of America’s largest corporations provide the basis for much of the course work. The course also enhances students’ abilities to articulate their responses through oral presentations and essays.

5. SOCI 3410 – Sociological Theory

A pictorial representation of some Sociological Theories

This course provides a comprehensive explanation and analysis of sociological theory including both classical and more contemporary theories. Specifically the course cover, but not limited to, functionalism, conflict theory, symbolic interactionism, phenomenology, critical theory, postmodernism, and feminist theory. Students are advised not to miss lectures attendance and class notes because they contribute to the final grade.

6. BIOL 1130 – Biochemistry for Nutrition

Basic concept of Biochemistry for Nutrition

This course includes the basic introduction to organic chemistry and biochemistry. It familiarizes students with the role of nutrition in the human body and metabolic pathways that are essential for nutritional homeostasis, with a focus on macronutrient metabolism. Topics to include nutritional aspects, nutritional disorders, diet assessment, molecular structure, carbohydrates, proteins, nutrition and digestion, and bioenergetics. This course is extremely challenging and boring.

7. ECON 3400 – Money and Banking

An image of Money and Banking

This course is an exploration of the underlying economic functions of important credit and financial institutions. Topics discussed include deposit creation, bank reserves, organization and operation of commercial banks, bank statements, and portfolio policies. Students study the Federal Reserve System, monetary policy, and the relation of banking institutions to Treasury financing and to the United States economic system.

8. ENGR 2012 – Renewable Resources

example of a renewable source of energy

This course provides a comprehensive overview of renewable energy technologies including biofuels, geothermal energy, hydroelectric power, hydrogen fuel cells, solar energy (active and passive), tidal power, and wind energy. The types of energy and potential uses from each energy source will be covered. The energy budget and overall efficiency will be calculated. The economic, social, and environmental impact of each technology will also be considered. This is a highly technical course.

9. FINA 4400 – Financial Modeling/Forecasting

An image of  Financial Modeling and Forecasting

This course develops a student’s ability to use personal computers to produce pro forma financial statements and other projections of financial performance and financing needs. A broad range of forecasting techniques is discussed as is the interpretation of economic forecasts provided by third parties. Decision situations will be modelled using techniques such as sensitivity analysis and simulation.

10. GEOL 4000 – Hydrogeology

Hydrogeology- A cave containing clear water

This is an advanced and the hardest course in geology that examines the terrestrial hydrosphere. Techniques to quantify groundwater and surface water flow rates and other dynamic properties are reviewed in this course. Porosity and permeability characteristics of groundwater mediums are also reviewed. The course includes a laboratory/recitation period which includes hands-on demonstrations of topics reviewed in lecture and experimentation utilizing the analytical techniques and equipment reviewed in the course.

10 Hardest Courses at Nova Southeastern University

Nova Southeastern University is one of the best private universities located in Davie, Florida, United States. The university offers a diverse array of innovative academic programs that complement on-campus educational opportunities and resources with accessible distance learning programs to foster academic excellence, intellectual inquiry, leadership, research, and commitment to the community through engagement of students and faculty members in a dynamic, life-long learning environment. Highlighted below are the top 10 hardest courses at Nova Southeastern University.

1. BHS 3110 – Health Care Ethics

picture of doctor holding sign with ethics on it

This course is designed to introduce ethical thinking and concepts regarding health care to prepare the student with the essential vocabulary and thought processes to understand, evaluate and participate in ethical decision making. Students will be introduced to the idea that ethical problems through an application of normative ethical theory. Students should be ready to read a lot of materials in order to pass this course.

2. PHYS 4050 – Advanced Physics Laboratory ll

Picture of an Advanced Physics Laboratory

This is the second part of an upper-level laboratory course in which a variety of advanced experiments will be performed. This is an intensive laboratory course, with a strong emphasis on independent data analysis and dissemination of results. Students will learn laboratory skills and also gain valuable practice using statistical methods of data analysis.

3. BIOL 4321 – Systems and Synthetic Biology

An image of Systems and Synthetic Biology

This course will discuss the principles of systems and synthetic biology, two fields that integrate the disciplines of biology, mathematics and computation. It discusses how molecular biology and mathematics can be used to determine how multiple parts of the cell or environment work together to allow a behaviour. Furthermore, it will discuss how synthetic biology can be used to program novel behaviour in cells. It’s a very hard course.

4. CENG 4710 – Embedded Systems

An image showing Embedded Systems

This course introduces a variety of topics such as embedded microcontrollers and microprocessors, embedded programming, real-time operating systems, low power computing, reliable system design, networked embedded systems, design methodologies, interfacing and mixed-signal systems, and tool support. Each student is required to design various projects. This is a highly technical course and the hardest in the computer engineering department.

5. MGT 3055 – Managing Groups and Teams

How to manage Groups and Teams

Groups and teams are an integral part of today’s global marketplace. This course focuses on exposing students to essential theories and concepts for analyzing, understanding, and managing groups and teams. Students are taught how to use course readings, case studies, and other methodologies to lead groups and teams. This is the course that makes many students switch majors because it’s very hard to comprehend.

6. CHEM 3150 – Environmental Chemistry

An image of CO2 in front of grass

In this course, fundamental principles of chemistry, such as kinetics, equilibrium and bonding, are used to understand the sources, fates and transformations of chemical components in the natural and polluted environments. The topics discussed include energy utilization, stratospheric ozone depletion, climate change, air pollution and control, water pollution and treatment. Students with a weak chemistry background might not perform well in this course due to its complexity.

7. EENG 3310 – Signals and Systems

Pictorial representation of Signals and Systems

This course covers fundamentals of linear systems techniques for the analysis of signals and systems in both the discrete and continuous time domains. It also covers signal representation in the Fourier, Laplace, and Z transform domains, as well as the sampling theorem. The course also emphasizes basic operations of linear systems and its system theory interpretations, such as convolution, sinusoidal analysis, frequency response, window analysis, discrete Fourier transforms and digital filters.

8. FIN 3120 – Principles of Investments

 basics in the Principles of Investments represented by hand holding out money

This course covers modern investment theory with applications in the debt, equity and derivative markets, with an introduction to portfolio management. Topics include financial assets, risk/return, bond yields, durations, option pricing, and futures. The concepts are applied to personal investing, but the course is geared more toward institutional investing. This course is extremely challenging and boring.

9. HRM 4650 – International Human Resource Management

The fundamentals of  International Human Resource Management

This course will focus on the key international issues and topics with regards to managing people in an era of unprecedented levels of foreign competition. Finding and nurturing the right talent required to implement an international or global strategy is of critical importance. Globalization of business is forcing managers to understand complex issues in an ever-changing world.

10. MATH 2001 – Introduction to Math Models in Biology I

Introduction to Math Models in Biology represente dby leafs made out of words

This course is designed for students with a mathematical background and an interest in the biological sciences. Students will be introduced to the interplay of mathematical modelling and biology, as well as an introduction to a broad mathematical tool chest. Topics covered include linear and nonlinear difference equations and matrix algebra. Computer software programs will be used in this course.

10 Hardest Courses at Oberlin College

Oberlin College is an independent co-educational institution who holds a distinguished place among American colleges and universities. This college is a place of intense energy and creativity, built on a foundation of academic, artistic, and musical excellence. With a top-ranking liberal arts college, a world-class conservatory, and a first-rate art museum. They offer quite a number of amazing courses in both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Here are the top 10 hardest courses at Oberlin College.

1. POLT 208 – Environmental Policy

An image of recycling  with empty cans

This course is an introduction to national environmental policy with an emphasis on major issues of climate change, the loss of biodiversity, and the issues of growth. The course includes discussion of regulatory policies, taxes, market solutions, and other policy options applied to energy policy, and transportation policy. This course will require students to read a lot because of the high volume of course content.

2. BIOL 312 – Animal Physiology

comparative image of Animal Physiology

This course explores the function of the body, from the molecular level like the generation of electrical signals in the nervous system to the organismal level like adaptations to pregnancy, exercise, or extreme environments. Students also study the function of the cardiovascular system, lungs and respiratory system, kidneys and renal system, and reproduction. The laboratory section is the toughest part of this course.

3. CHEM 325 – Organic Mechanism and Synthesis

Various aspects of Organic Mechanism and Synthesis

This course will systematically explore the reactions of carbon-containing compounds and the mechanistic pathways involved in these processes. Reactions and topics that will be discussed include functional group transformations, oxidations, reductions, cycloadditions, stereospecific reactions and carbon-carbon bond formation. The equations of reactions employed in this course are very difficult to comprehend.

4. MATH 338 – Probability Models and Random Processes

picture of two dice being rolled

This course is an introduction to operations research models which incorporate methods of probability theory. Topics will be chosen from inventory theory, queuing theory, decision analysis, game theory, simulation, Markov chains, and project management. Students need to take much of their time to practice all the rigorous calculations in this course.

5. CSCI 364 – Artificial Intelligence

A pictorial representation of Artificial Intelligence

Students learn the techniques currently being used in programs that mimic intelligent or human behaviour. Topics covered include production systems, search strategies, resolution theorem proving, rule-based deduction and plan-generating systems, and knowledge representation techniques. Advanced programming techniques will be taught, but elementary experience with LISP or scheme languages is required.

6. ECON 211 – Money, the Financial System, and the Economy

picture of money stacked up to represent saving up

The course deals with the linkages between financial markets, financial institutions, monetary policy and the economy. Topics will include the function of money in the economy, the determination of interest rates and exchange rates, the origin and evolution of financial intermediation, and the role of the financial system in the transmission of monetary policy.

7. PHIL 120 – Knowledge and Reality

An image of Knowledge, observation, and Reality

Students are introduced to two of the major branches of philosophy, metaphysics and epistemology, and their interconnections. Study and discussion of topics such as the relationship between minds and bodies, the existence of God, the possibility of freedom of the will, the grounds and limits of human knowledge, and the nature of truth are also discussed in details.

8. GEOL 361 – Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

This course will emphasize the concepts and methods of igneous and metamorphic petrology, including the use of the petrographic microscope for the determination of minerals and the interpretation of rock textures. Topics to be covered include interpretation of phase diagrams, thermodynamics, classification of igneous and metamorphic rocks, origins and differentiation of magmas, rock associations in the geotectonic cycle, especially the spatial and temporal development of igneous and metamorphic terrains.

9. NSCI 325 – Neuropharmacology

picture of someone taking a pill, with his face made out of pills

The principals of synaptic transmission and signal transduction are reviewed to better understand the ways in which drugs act in the central nervous system and how drugs influence behaviour. Topics such as addiction, drugs and mental illness, drug effects on learning, sleep, pain, and weight control are covered in this course.

10. PSYC 219 – Cognitive Psychology

Pictorial representation of Cognitive Psychology

This course covers a variety of topics that deal with the scientific study of human cognition. Topics may include perception, memory, learning, thinking, problem-solving, language, and reasoning. Historical as well as contemporary perspectives will be discussed, and data from behavioural experiments, cognitive neuroscience, and computational modelling will be addressed. This course is very difficult and boring.