10 Easy Units at Macquarie

There are lots of difficult units that students at Macquarie University have to take. Here are some of the easiest Macquarie units:

1. ECON111 – Microeconomic Principles

This unit provides an introduction to the main ideas and concepts involved in modern economics, and attempts to provide students with an understanding of how the economy works, what type of problems economists attempt to solve, and how they set about trying to solve them. The unit is primarily concerned with the analysis of individual decision-making units, and the behaviour of firms and industries in the economy, i.e. with microeconomics. Topics include: consumer choice and demand analysis; the firm and its production and costs; market structures from perfect competition to monopoly; welfare economics; and market failure and microeconomic reform.

2. PSYC104 – Introduction to Psychology I

This unit introduces students to the discipline of psychology through a focus on the physiological bases of behaviour; learning; motivation; the nature of personality and psychopathology; and cross-cultural and Indigenous psychology. The unit conveys information about substantive material, and assumptions of theory associated with the science and profession of psychology through lecture and tutorial/practical classes. The unit introduces students to research methods in psychology through a series of methodology lectures. A further important aim of the unit is to develop students’ competency in critical thinking and essay writing in psychology.

3. ECON110 – Macroeconomic Principles

This unit is an introductory course in macroeconomics. It focuses on the economy as a whole; the economy seen as a set of markets related to each other, rather than on the features characterising the equilibrium in an individual market, for example, the market for shoes. Topics covered include gross domestic product (GDP), savings, unemployment, inflation, money, the balance of payments, exchange rates, fiscal policy and monetary policy. At the end of the course students should be able to apply the main model used by economists to represent the economy (aggregate supply-aggregate demand), identify the forces that determine the equilibrium level of output, employment, inflation, interest rates, the exchange rate and their movements, and be able to analyse and predict the effect of shocks to supply and/or demand.

4. PSYC105 – Introduction To Psychology II

This unit continues with the introduction to the core areas of psychology commenced in PSYC104. The program introduces the areas of social psychology, developmental psychology, perception, cognition, learning, and statistics. Additionally, this unit provides students with first-hand experience conducting a research project and writing a scientific report.

5. PICT101 – Introduction to Criminology

This unit introduces students to the theory and practice of criminology. It explores definitions of crime, theories of crime and criminality and contemporary issues in criminology. With reference to relevant research and theory, the unit aims to give students an appreciation of three broad areas: What is crime? Who is a criminal? How can contemporary theory be applied to contemporary social issues?

6. BIOL114 – Organisms To Ecosystems

This unit introduces students to the essential concepts in current biology. BIOL114 builds on the laboratory, statistical and communication skills obtained in BIOL116. Students who take BIOL114 must also take BIOL116 as a co-requisite. BIOL114 forms the first step for students pursuing a career in the biological sciences, and provides a basis for students in other disciplines who wish to maintain an interest in this dynamic field. The theme of this unit is evolution. The first part of the unit is concerned with the origin of life and discusses current theories on how life may have arisen on a previously lifeless planet. We discuss evolutionary theory in detail including some of the genetic principles that underlie evolution. In the second part we introduce the major groups of organisms examining their diversity and how they function. In the final part we discuss the ecological interactions between organisms from the small scale to global patterns.

7. ANTH151 – Human Evolution and Diversity

This unit explores the evolution of our species, what makes humans distinct, and how we have developed the biological, cultural and technological diversity we now see around us. The unit examines new research, highlighting the most recent discoveries and theoretical breakthroughs, encouraging students to learn more about the major debates, key discoveries, and important theories in the study of human evolution. Specifically, the unit provides students with a background in evolutionary theory, genetics, anthropology, paleoarchaeology, and comparative primatology in order to address a number of topics: the development of the human brain; bipedalism; language; families; social life; sexuality; reproduction; hunting; diet; clothing; art; stone tools and technology; domesticated plants and animals; cities; and the first civilisations. The unit also demonstrates how an evolutionary perspective offers new insights into modern human diversity, including both cultural and biological differences among us. The unit does not require a background in the biological or evolutionary sciences. It provides an excellent foundation for understanding and evaluating important contemporary issues such as whether sexuality is hardwired, how technology affects us, if genetic racial differences are significant, what makes our species distinct, and how humans might look in the future.

8. GEOS112 – The Planet Earth

This is a unit recommended for all environmental scientists, geologists, geographers, biologists and others seeking an integrated view of the Planet Earth. The unit deals with the Earth as a dynamic system, tracing both the origins and workings of the solid earth, the atmosphere, the oceans and the biosphere. The Earth’s internal structure and tectonic processes (earthquakes, volcanism and plate movements), climate systems, climate variability and change, landforms, surface processes and the role of the biosphere are investigated. Models for the genesis of life are considered and patterns of evolution and extinction are traced through fossils and other evidence. Wherever possible, interactions (for example, between landscape and climate, atmosphere and life, plate movements and landforms) are examined to develop a unified model of the global system. Special lectures are included to illustrate the human significance of the models examined.

9. BUSL201 – Law in Australian Society

This unit examines features of the legal system in contemporary Australia. Topics include: the relationship between law and society; the nature of law in a federal system; and the roles of parliaments and courts in making, developing and changing law. Students develop skills in reading and analysing case law, legislation and secondary legal source materials through assessment tasks which focus on topical areas of legal interest.

10. MHIS211 – War and Peace in World History

This unit looks at the ways in which issues of war and peace are shaped by specific cultural and historical conditions that can only be understood in broader international context. While war can be viewed purely in terms of military strategy and through the lens of advancing armies, it also has wider social, economic and cultural meanings that situate men and women as historical actors in the formation of cultures and societies and the construction of new world orders. By looking at the many situations in which wars have been fought across the world under the banner of political cause, national freedom, dynastic and religious crusade, we ponder the ways in which war is the arena in which national and imperial memory has been forged. Our travels will take us to Britain, India, Germany, the United States of America, South Africa, Japan, Algeria, Vietnam, New Zealand and Australia to look at the role of war in the construction of historical memory. We also pay particular attention to the experiences of women in war, to the colonial context of much international conflict and to the moral questions that arise from notions such as winning and losing.

10 Easy Units at the University of Newcastle

There are lots of difficult units that students at the University of Newcastle have to take. Here are some of the easiest Newcastle units:

1. ECON 1001 – Microeconomics for Business Decisions

The study of micro-economics is essential for understanding how decision are made across a multitude of areas that are highly relevant to the student and to the wider world. The microeconomic principles covered in this course apply to both the individual and the firm, as students are introduced to economic analysis and its applications in topics such as: Consumer-Choice, Competition, International Trade and Finance, Market Forces, Market Failures, Public Policy, Poverty and Welfare.

The course also addresses contemporary public policy issues such as pollution, resource depletion, provision of public goods and services, rental controls, minimum wages, and taxes and subsidies. It is designed for students with varied academic background and its low mathematics requirement allows students to be able to full grasp and apply the material. The course develops the students’ ability to critically analyse economic events at the local, national and international scale.

By the end of the course, successful students will be equipped with the tools of economics and prepared to address economic problems in their day-to-day lives, industry, politics, society, and the environment.

2. POLI3001 – Organisations, Politics and Society

Business organisations exist in an interactive relationship with political and social institutions. Particular attention is paid to the structural dimensions of government-business relations, the various ideas and values that shape and influence these relations and the challenges posed by global competition and regulation. Case studies explore the different aspects of business-government relations. Case topics include risks posed by corruption, terrorism and organised crime; nationalization and State power; geopolitical constraints on business; environmental, energy and water resource issues; “fair trade” and ethical business behaviour; and governance and corporate social responsibility. Students develop global perspectives informed by an integrated knowledge of business, political and social interaction.

3. PSYC1010 – Psychology Introduction 1

Why do people do the things they do? Welcome to the fascinating world of psychology: the scientific study of mind and behaviour. This course introduces some of the key factors that influence people’s perceptions, thoughts, feelings, and behaviour. Areas covered include lifespan development, social, cross-cultural and indigenous studies, personality and individual differences, and health and clinical psychology.

The course forms part of a sequence of courses that have been approved by the Australian Psychology Accreditation Council.

4. PHIL1060 – Introduction to Philosophy of Psychology

This course introduces students to the philosophical issues that arise from the theory and practice of Psychology. It has been specifically designed to meet the requirements of the Bachelor of Psychology degree. Topics covered will include the scope of psychology’s subject matter, the biology versus culture debate, the mind/body problem, the nature and function of worldviews, scientific method, science and psuedo-science, schools of psychological thought, and professional ethics.

5. PSYC1020 – Psychology Introduction 2

This new online course in Psychology provides a concise introduction to psychology, covering the key theoretical and experimental approaches to modern psychology including the latest research findings. This course can be taken at your own pace, where all the content is presented online in step-by-step modules containing a mix of lectures, videos and online exercises to enhance your learning and knowledge in a field relevant for a wide range of degree programs.

6. SOCA1200 – Health Sociology I

This course will introduce students to the sociological study and understanding of health and illness, focusing predominantly on Australian society. The course will examine the causes, nature and consequences of major health inequalities, the ways they are culturally understood, and some of the most important attempts to address them. Substantive topics may be drawn from a range of areas including the social distribution of health and illness; health promotion and illness prevention; access to health care; the state and health care system; the division of labour in the health workforce; ideologies of health, illness and inequality; and health, politics and social change.

7. HIST1051 – The Australian Experience

This course provides an introduction to Australian history and to the study of history at the tertiary level. It treats the development of Australian society from Aboriginal antiquity to the present, through the lenses of convicts and colonialism; war and conflict; migration and multiculturalism; and the development of democratic institutions. The course looks to Australian history to contextualise issues in contemporary Australia and introduces the skills and approaches employed in the study of the Australian past.

8. GEOG1030 – Global poverty and development

The distribution of wealth in today’s world is the most unequal in history. While the economies of developed countries continue to grow, the size of the world’s poor continues to increase with resulting social crises and instability. The course provides an introduction to development studies with a broad discussion of social, economic, cultural and environmental issues. It provides students with a base for intellectual understanding of various theories of development and methodological skills to critically analyse and evaluate policy documents, development indices and measurements, statistics and reports on development. The learning experiences directly enhance future development career prospects.

9. PSYC2300 – Cognitive Psychology

It examines psychological processes such as attention, memory, word recognition, reasoning and problem solving. Laboratory exercises are used to demonstrate these basic psychological processes.

This course forms part of an Australian Psychology Accreditation Council’s accredited sequence.

10. STAT1070 – Statistics for the Sciences

Statistics is about using data to describe, summarise and model the world around us. Whether it’s cricket scores, the stock market or global warming, we need to understand probability and data analysis in order to make informed decisions and predictions.

This course develops basic concepts of probability, random variables and their distributions, and then shows how these ideas provide the theoretical foundation for data analysis through statistical modelling, estimation and hypothesis testing.

Although a variety of real problems are used to illustrate the concepts and methods, the emphasis in this course is on statistical theory. STAT2010 is an essential part of a Statistics major providing the necessary background for most 3000 level statistics courses. STAT2010 is also suitable for those students in a range of undergraduate programs who wish to understand why statistical methods work (and not just how to operate a statistical software package without any true comprehension).

10 Easy Units at QUT

There are lots of difficult units that students at Queensland University of Technology have to take. Here are some of the easiest QUT units:

1. PYB102 – Introduction to Psychology 1B

2. BSB113 – Economics

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3. NSB010 – Introduction to Clinical Practice

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4. CRB115 – Medieval Europe and the World

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5. EDB200 – Insights into Early Childhood Development

childhood GIF

6. EVB102 – Ecosystems and the Environment

tropical wind GIF by Weather Underground

7. KMB003 – Sex Drugs Rock ‘N’ Roll

8. KWB209 – Shakespeare, Then and Now

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9. KXB101 – Introduction to Entertainment

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10. PYB306 – Psychopathology

linda cardellini psychopath GIF

10 Easy Units at the University of Queensland

There are lots of difficult units that students at the University of Queensland have to take. Here are some of the easiest University of Queensland units:

1. ECON1010 – Introductory Microeconomics

Provides students with a practical understanding of the core economic principles that explain why individuals, companies and governments make the decisions they do, and how their decision-making might be improved to make best use of available resources.

2. PSYC1020 –  Introduction To Psychology

The School of Psychology recommends only two of the three first year courses is undertaken in the first semester of study.
Psychology is the scientific study of how people behave, think and feel. This course spans a variety of topics including basic psychological processes such as perception, consciousness, learning, motivation, memory, thinking and sexual behaviour as well as the cognitive or mental causes of these phenomena. Students will be given opportunities to participate in both classic state-of-the-art psychological research and to demonstrate their understanding of the research process.

3. MGTS1301 – Introduction to Management

The course covers the broad areas of planning, leading, organising and controlling and spans classical to contemporary approaches to management thinking. More specifically topics and themes include: ethics, rationality, strategic frameworks, international business, HRM, and organisational change and innovation.

4. PSYC2030 – Child Development

This introduction to lifespan developmental psychology focuses on key issues in development and aging, including early social development, the role of early input in language acquisition, attachment and intimate relationships, child-rearing, moral reasoning, memory and problem-solving. A cross-cultural focus is adopted wherever possible

5. ARCA1000 – Discovering Archaeology

Introduces students to archaeologists, sites, artefacts, concepts and methods to demonstrate how contemporary archaeology informs us about the ancient human past.

6. ANTH1030 – Anthropology of Current World Issues: An Introduction

This course introduces students to key concepts, theories, and approaches in understanding and analysing current world issues in anthropology through framing globalisation as a historical process, investigating structural forces, surveying changing lives, and considering how modernity has influenced our knowledge and power to address these challenges.

7. ENGL2060 – Introduction to Shakespeare

This course introduces students to Shakespeare’s theatrical world, and is structured around four key themes: Drama and the Body of State; Gender and Sexuality; Racial and Religious Identities; and Nation and Empire. Students will study selected plays by Shakespeare and by his major contemporaries such as Christopher Marlowe and John Webster to gain a better understanding of Shakespeare’s work and the theatrical, literary, and political contexts that shaped it.

8. MGTS2604 – Introduction To Human Resource Management

Introduction & overview of the theory & practice of Human Resource Management including strategic & international HRM. Students gain an appreciation of the breadth & scope of HRM.

9. SOCY1060 – Gender, Sexuality and Society: An Introduction

This course will introduce students to key concepts and perspectives in sociology through a focus on sexuality and gender. The course covers a wide range of topics such as classical and contemporary theories of gender and sexuality, how gender and sexuality are constructed through sport, and body work (such as tattoo and bodybuilding), how issues such as fat and work/family are gendered, and how gender intersects with other social statuses (including a case study of Aboriginal Australia). Ultimately, the course grapples with the issues surrounding the social construction of gender and sexuality over time and across cultures and place.

10. MUSC2051 –  Music in Society 2

Survey of Western art music from c. 1780 to c. 1910, including knowledge of its major styles, through representative works, and understanding of its social contexts. Further development of discipline specific research and writing skills.

10 Easy Units at ANU

There are lots of difficult units that students at Australian National University have to take. Here are some of the easiest ANU units:

1. ECON1101 – Microeconomics 1

The course examines how individuals and firms make decisions by weighing up costs and benefits, and how the interaction of their decisions leads to market and social outcomes. The model of market supply and demand is employed to examine the effects of taxes, subsidies, and other government interventions in market activity. The implications of different market structures, including perfect competition and monopoly, are examined.  Public goods, externalities and common resources are key examples of cases in which private markets may yield socially sub-optimal outcomes.  Such cases are examined and the role of government policy in correcting for these is discussed.

2. PSYC1003 – Psychology 1: Understanding Mind, Brain and Behaviour

In this course three key areas of psychology will be introduced: Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology and Statistics and Research Methods.

The course will chart key developments, theories and foundational research that continues to impact on current approaches. Students will also learn about research methodology, basic data analysis techniques and ethical principles commonly employed in psychological research.

The course will address the big questions in psychology, such as: How does the human mind process information so we can make sense of the world, remember things and solve problems?; What are the key developmental stages from birth to death and how is human functioning impaired if these critical stages are disrupted?; How is data used in psychology to advance knowledge?

No prerequisite knowledge is required for this course. Many students enrolled in PSYC1003 will go on to enrol in PSYC1004 the following semester. Completion of both PSYC1003 and PSYC1004 is required for most later-year psychology courses.

3. SOCY1002 – Self and Society

This course introduces students to the key facets of the sociological imagination: a distinctive way of thinking about self and society. We will explore the complex relationship that exists between the individual and the wider society in which s/he is embedded. We will look at how people experience social life very differently as a consequence of where they live and what identity they embody and choose (or are obliged) to present. This means observing how social factors like sex, gender, age, race, ethnicity, sexuality, disability, health and socioeconomic status mediate the treatment people receive from institutions and organisations and operate to shape their everyday experiences.

We will contemplate how exposure to culture socialises individuals into adopting particular values, sentiments and belief systems, perceptions and understandings of the social world that inform the way people behave in various contexts. This focus invites us to think about the diverse forms of power that operate in society, in terms of who has privileged access to ‘the truth’ and to constructing and disseminating this knowledge, and who is marginalised or excluded from the process, and what factors account for this asymmetry.

4. CHEM1101 – Chemistry 1

The following syllabus provides a general guide to the topics to be discussed:

Atomic structure and bonding: electronic structure of atoms, quantum numbers, orbitals and energy levels, filling sequence, periodicity of atomic properties, octet ‘rule’, chemical bonds – ionic, covalent – energetics, H-bonds, Lewis structures, shapes of molecules, VSEPR theory, valence bond theory, hybridisation, resonance, molecular orbital theory of simple homonuclear diatomic molecules.

Equilibrium: Haber process as example of the Law of mass action, equilibrium constants, Kc and Kp, Le Chatelier’s principle, reaction quotient, endo- and exo-thermic reactions.

Acids/bases and aqueous equilibria: classical, Lowry-Brønsted, and Lewis definitions, pH of aqueous solutions, strengths of acids and bases – Ka and Kb, titration curves, buffers, extent of hydrolysis – weak acids/bases, solubility products.

Introductory thermodynamics: Energy – different forms, kinetic and potential, heat and work, the First Law of Thermodynamics, conservation of energy, internal energy and enthalpy, Hess’ Law, state functions, standard states, calorimetry.

Electrochemistry: redox reactions, half-cell reactions and balancing equations, oxidation states, Voltaic cells, electrodes, electrode potentials, electromotive force and the free energy of cell reactions, Nernst equation.

Advanced thermodynamics: entropy, Second and Third Laws of Thermodynamics, free energy, equilibrium, spontaneous processes, equilibrium constants – calculations, extent of reaction.

Organic structure, isomerism & reactivity: carbon hybridization, functional groups, nomenclature, 3D chemistry, conformations, isomerism, biological and synthetic polymers – for example, polyamides and polysaccharides.

Laboratory: Exercises illustrating the simpler principles of analytical, inorganic, organic and physical chemistry. The apparatus used in the course is supplied by the Research School of Chemistry. Attendance at laboratory classes is compulsory.

5. BIOL1009 – Diversity of Life

This course offers a comprehensive introduction to the biodiversity of plants, animals and fungi. Students are given a solid grounding in the vast diversity of multicellular organisms and their evolutionary lineages. Biol1009 is an essential prerequisite for students wishing to pursue plant and/or animal sciences. It is also an excellent, engaging, “free standing” course for those studying in other areas of science, or in non-science degrees. The lecture component focuses on the fundamentals of plant and animal structure and the evolution of complexity. It also addresses current research issues such as responses of plant species and populations to climate change. Each practical class is designed to provide our students with an opportunity for hands-on learning about key features of structure and function in a range of animal and plant taxa.

6. SPAN3001 – Intermediate Spanish I

This course aims to extend the students’ ability to communicate clearly and effectively both in spoken and written Spanish. A variety of literary, non-literary texts and audiovisual material will be used to further develop the students’ communicative competence and give them an understanding of different cultural issues in Spanish-speaking societies. A wide variety of topics contained in contemporary comics and graphic novels from different Spanish-speaking countries will be explored.

7. CRIM2001 – Doing Criminology: Research Methods In Crime And Criminal Justice

Evidence-based policy development has emerged as key foundation of private enterprise and public service. Whether you’re a policy officer, program manager or senior executive, understanding research and the research process is critical to innovation and improvement. In this course, students will gain an insight into how criminologists undertake research on policy related crime and punishment issues in Australia. Through a series of online and in-class exercises students will develop an understanding and the practical skills necessary to critique criminological research and implement a variety of methodological techniques.

This course is weighted towards understanding research design and the application of quantitative and qualitative research methods; both of which are powerful ways to explore substantiative research questions in social policy and criminology.  Skills in research design, data collection and information analysis are essential and highly sought after by employers in both the public and private sectors.

8. BIAN2115 – ‘Race’ and Human Genetic Variation

‘Race’ was once thought capable of explaining a great deal about both human biology and society. That is no longer true; but biological variation between individuals and between populations is real and remains to be explained. This course is about that variation, especially in physical traits, blood genetics and DNA. Variation amongst peoples of the world will be viewed as an outcome of evolution and biogeography, and as a reflection of ancestry, interrelationships and population histories.  The main emphasis will be on exploring findings on human population diversity and anthropological genetics and genomics, compared with inferences from archaeology and linguistics.

9. LAWS1205 – Australian Public Law

This course examines the structure and themes of Australian public law, providing a bridge to all other public law study in the curriculum. In essence, the course examines how public power is structured, distributed, and controlled in Australia. The distinctive roles played by the legislature, the executive and the judiciary receive special attention. Subsidiary themes in the course are protection of individual rights in the Australian legal system, and constitutional change and evolution in Australia.

10. ANTH2033 – Religion and Society in India

The course will consider anthropological approaches to the analysis of religion and society  in India.  It will examine contemporary ethnographic studies of village and urban life giving particular  attention to caste, gender and family relations.  It will also examine the manner in which the religious  ideology of the subaltern classes complements and contradicts that of the Brahmanic elite through a  close examination of oral traditions and popular religious practices.  Finally, students will be  introduced to some to the contemporary debates about approaches to the analysis of Indian society and  culture.

10 Easy Units at UWA

There are lots of difficult units that students at University of Western Australia have to take. Here are some of the easiest UWA units:

1. STAT1520 – Economic and Business Statistics

This unit covers basic statistics and is compulsory for all Bachelor of Economics and Bachelor of Commerce students. Topics include displaying and summarising data; random variables and their distributions; normal and binomial distributions; sampling distributions and hypothesis testing; confidence intervals; t-tests and F-tests; regression and correlation; goodness of fit; chi-square tests; and introduction to analysis of variance. Use of statistical packages is an integral part of the unit and emphasis is placed on examples of particular relevance to economics and commerce students.

2. PSYC1101 – Psychology: Mind and Brain

This unit introduces students to the broad scope of psychology, with a particular emphasis on the brain and how it relates to basic learning processes, memory, thinking and perception. It provides an overview of those central topics and the links between them. The unit is taught through a coordinated series of lectures and laboratory tutorials and makes use of online materials.

3. ECON1101 – Microeconomics: Prices And Markets

This is an introductory unit in microeconomics. Topics include an introduction to the economic problem; the determination of prices; demand and supply; market failure and the role of government; and market structure.

4. FREN1401 – French Studies 1

This unit offers an introduction to French grammar and vocabulary to allow students to communicate orally and in writing in simple situations. It develops cultural and linguistic awareness and focuses on contemporary spoken and written language used in France and other French-speaking countries.Students achieve language proficiency equivalent to Level A1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages.

This unit leads to FREN1402 French Studies 2. Together, FREN1401 and FREN1402 provide access to Level 2 and Level 3 French units, which not only increase language competency but offer the opportunity to further engage with French history and culture, including literature, film and contemporary society, and to take advantage of a range of exchange opportunities, including short-term stays in Noumea or Paris.

5. PSYC1102 – Psychology: Behaviour in Context

This unit introduces students to the broad scope of psychology, with a particular emphasis on developmental psychology, social psychology, intelligence and personality, and abnormal psychology. The unit provides an overview of these central topics and the links between them. It is taught through a coordinated series of lectures and laboratory tutorials.

6. ANHB1102 – Human Biology II: Being Human

This unit explores the biology of ‘being human’ in today’s world with an emphasis on how humans interact with the environment and with each other. The unit includes (1) the genetic and evolutionary processes which determine human differences within and between populations; (2) the basic structure and function of the human body at the level of tissues, organs and systems; (3) how the nervous and endocrine systems interact to maintain homeostasis; (4) the processes of nutrition, growth, development and ageing; and (5) the relationship of the biology of humans to their evolutionary history.

7. MUSC1342 – Practical Music 2

In this unit students choose to specialise in either music performance or composition in order to consolidate essential musicianship, technical and repertory skills addressed in MUSC1341 Practical Music 1. For performers, there is a particular emphasis on repertoire drawn from the literature of the student’s principal instrument or voice. The focus is on further development of technical and performance skills, culminating in a performance of chosen repertoire appropriate to this foundational level of tertiary performance study and preparing students for the higher level of technical development required for the next unit in the sequence, MUSC2541 Practical Music 3. For composers, the unit builds on essential musicianship and fundamental compositional technique. These skills are developed through short composition exercises based on examples from the repertoire. Students study and apply common compositional techniques found in composers’ works from the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. This prepares students for a study of higher level techniques introduced in the next unit in the sequence, MUSC2541 Practical Music 3. This unit is a complementary unit in the Music Studies major (degree-specific major) in the Bachelor of Arts degree.

8. HIST1001 – Old Worlds and New Empires

In the period 1250 to 1788 rich and powerful societies in Asia, Europe, Africa and the Americas increasingly came into contact and conflict. This unit investigates the comparative histories of these societies, exploring themes such as the changing views of the world from Islamic and European perspectives, the range and effects of major demographic events such as the Black Death ‘pandemic’ of 1345 to 1351, religious proselytisation, the economic bases of different societies, and the beginnings of European colonisation, up to the ‘discovery’ of Australia. Through analysing these themes, students are given the opportunity to develop critical reading, research and written and oral communication skills. Within the context of the progressive development of historical skills required by the History major, the unit introduces students to the elementary principles of historical knowledge.

The unit aims to produce students who can critically analyse and understand (1) how the world was viewed by people at different times and places in the period 1250 to 1788; (2) how agrarian economies and class structures worked in different parts of the pre-modern world; (3) the effect of disease on world history; (4) what different political structures arose in different parts of the world, and why, during this period; (5) how religious conversion and imperialism operated globally in this period; and (6) colonialism and its implications for ethnic relations, gender relations and slavery.

9. EART2234 – Earth Processes

This unit focuses on physical changes to rocks that have been subjected to deformation and/or metamorphism and the plate tectonic setting in which these changes occur. The main academic objectives of the unit are focused on understanding principles and processes of deformation from the atomic scale to the tectonic scale, and the description and interpretation of common geologic structures. The unit encompasses both theory and practical aspects of deformation and this knowledge is then used to interpret the history of complexly deformed terranes. Practical and applied examples of deformation and its tectonic setting are explored to consolidate understanding of rock formation and deformation and to highlight relationships between these processes.

10. ENGL2701 – Australia and Home

This unit provides pathways into Australian literature by making use of the concepts attached to the idea of home. The overarching question concerning how Australia is home to its inhabitants brings into view issues about the competing claims of Indigenous, settler and migrant Australians.

As a Level 2 unit, this unit aims to build on students’ skills in research, critical analysis and oral and written communication, and awareness of the ways in which Australian literature and film have been studied.

10 Easy Units at UNSW

There are lots of difficult units that students at University of New South Wales have to take. Here are some of the easiest UNSW units:

1. PSYC1001 – Psychology 1A

This course introduces the content and methods of psychology as a basic science, with emphasis on the social bases of behaviour. After an initial review of the historical foundations for the scientific study of human behaviour, several specific topics related to the social aspects of human behaviour are discussed. Specific topics covered in this course include: development, theories of personality, theories of consciousness, and social influences on behaviour.

2. CHEM 1001 – Introductory Chemistry

Introductory Chemistry is designed for students entering University with little or no previous background in Chemistry. The course will provide basic descriptions of atomic and molecular structure, nomenclature, the Periodic Table, stoichiometry, equilibrium, kinetics, common reaction types, acids and bases, and the fundamentals of organic chemistry.

3. CRIM 1010 – Criminology: An Introduction

Introduces the key concepts and current debates in criminology. Covers basic issues such as the definition, measurement and explanations of crime, societal reactions to crime, criminological theories, the role of research and the influence of criminology on public policy.

4. COMP 1000 – Introduction to World Wide Web, Spreadsheets and Databases

World wide web (WWW) dependent activities have become an essential part of our existence and yet many of us do not know much about how they work. In the first part of this course, we introduce the abstract features of the internet and the software that makes it so powerful. Knowledge about the architecture of the internet, world wide web, browsers, search engines, e-commerce, security, etc. will be helpful in using the internet more effectively as well as becoming aware of the several pitfalls associated with this modern technology.

Spreadsheets and databases are two of the most commonly used and powerful computer tools yet they are often poorly utilised and the reasons for using one rather than the other are poorly understood. Many people purchase Microsoft Office which comes bundled with Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Access – a spreadsheet and a database application – yet while many people have some familiarity with Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Access is rarely utilised. This course aims to explain in straightforward terms the concepts underlying both of these powerful pieces of software so that students can exploit them effectively for both their studies and future careers. We will investigate how to design and implement effective spreadsheet and database applications. Students should also be able to transfer these skills to other similar spreadsheet and database packages.

Lab access will be provided, however students will be expected to have personal copies of Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Access on their own computers.

5. CRIM 3017 – Cybercrime

‘Cybercrime’ examines how the online world has borne new crimes and law enforcement responses, as well as investigates how the computer has become both a target of attack and a tool for criminal activity. ‘Cybercrime’ explores a number of emerging cybercrimes (cyber-stalking, hacking, and attacks to critical infrastructure), and also explores how old crimes are affected in new mediums (organised crime, electronic theft, pornography, child abuse materials, and peer-to-peer filesharing systems). How do nation-states regulate criminal activity of those persons and organizations located abroad? How is law enforcement shifting from traditional mechanisms to new regulatory regimes and technological solutions? Additional topics include cyber-terrorism, hactivism, information warfare, and digital forensics. A technical background is not essential.

6.  ECON 1101 – Microeconomics 1

Economics is a social science which studies the ways in which people interact with one another and make decisions in a world with limited resources. The goal of this course is to provide you with the basic tools to “think like an economist” – that is, to be able to use basic economic principles to ask and answer questions about how the world works or the effects of policies. We will cover topics such as how individuals or firms make decisions about the demand or supply of a product, how we can determine the efficiency of a market, and how we evaluate the costs and benefits of government intervention in a market.

7. ARTS 1271 – History of the Present: The World since 1900

ARTS1271 is a level 1 course. It offers students an overview of
history in the twentieth century. It follows from ARTS1270 World
History: The Big Picture, which is the Gateway course for
students majoring in History, by carrying its themes and
concepts into the study of the 20th century. ARTS1271 further
develops skills in the discipline of History; students will apply
these skills in Upper Level History courses that focus more
narrowly on specific geographic regions.

8. MUSC 1101 – Music Reinvented

Designed as an introduction to a wide range of musical styles, techniques and circumstances as well as methods of study in music. Enables students to acquire insight into compositional processes and the place music occupies in different societies. Includes study of early 20th century music and ethnomusicology.

Assumed knowledge: A satisfactory standard in HSC music or in AMEB 7th grade practical (pass) plus 5th grade theory or musicianship.

9.  PSYC 2061 – Social and Developmental Psychology

Two strands: 1. Social – The basic principles of research and theory in social psychology, with a special emphasis on understanding how people relate to each other. Issues such as the nature of human sociability, the perception and interpretation of social behaviour, ambiguities of interpretation of interpersonal behaviour, verbal and nonverbal communication processes, impression formation and impression management and related topics will be covered. 2. Developmental – The age at which certain abilities or dispositions develop or are learned, and the processes by which developmental changes occur. Issues such as nature and nurture, continuity vs discontinuity, nomothetic vs ideographic approaches and the methods and ethics of developmental research will be covered from various perspectives – psychodynamic, biological/ethological, environmental/learning, and cognitive – developmental.

10. POLS 5122 – The International Political Economy

This course provides a theoretically grounded introduction to the evolution of a global economy. It pays particular attention to examining the drivers, dimensions and dynamics of economic globalisation, and to analysing the implications of this complex process for the distribution of wealth and power in the international system. The course contributes to an enhanced understanding of the relationship between the political and economic spheres of social life, and of why this understanding is important.

11 Easy Units at USYD

There are lots of difficult units that students at University of Sydney have to take. Here are some of the easiest USYD units:

1. ECON 1001 – Introductory Microeconomics

Introductory Microeconomics addresses the economic decisions of individual firms and households and how these interact in markets. It is a compulsory core unit for the Bachelor of Economics and an alternative core unit for the Bachelor of Economic and Social Science. Economic issues are pervasive in contemporary Australian society. Introductory Microeconomics introduces students to the language and analytical framework adopted in Economics for the examination of social phenomena and public policy issues. Whatever one’s career intentions, coming to grips with economic ideas is essential for understanding society, business and government. Students are given a comprehensive introduction to these ideas and are prepared for the advanced study of microeconomics in subsequent years. It is assumed that students undertaking this unit will have a prior knowledge of mathematics.

2. PSYC 1001 – Psychology

Psychology 1001 is a general introduction to the main topics and methods of psychology, and is the basis for advanced work as well as being of use to those not proceeding with the subject. Psychology 1001 covers the following areas: science and statistics in psychology; applied psychology; themes in the history of psychology; social psychology; personality theory; human development. This unit is also offered in the Sydney Summer School.’

3. ARHT 1001 – Style and Substance: Introducing Art History

Making a diverse, global view of art making from the Ancient to the Modern world, ARHT1001 will introduce students to key philosophical and methodological approaches in the field of Art History. As our experiences are increasingly mediated through a variety of visual platforms, this course will help students develop critical perspectives on visual communication. The development of professional skill sets will be a key focus. As such, the course serves as an essential introduction to Art History for those considering a career in the arts, education, or the museum and design sectors.

4. GOVT 1101 –  Australian Politics

This unit introduces students to debates about the nature and limits of Australian democracy, to the major institutions of Australian politics, and to the distribution of power in Australian society. Major institutions and forces such as parliament, executive government, the federal system, political parties and the media are examined as arenas of power, conflict and consensus. Who rules? How? Which groups are excluded?

5. ECOP 1001 – Economics as a Social Science

Economic issues are central to the world in which we live. Economists hold very different views about the cause of these issues, how the economic system works and how it could work differently to improve outcomes for society. This unit explores the principal schools of economic thought – Classical, Marxian, Institutional, Neoclassical and Keynesian – and considers how different economic theories explain the nature of the economic system in which we live, shape views about policies implemented by governments, and advocate different policy solutions to persistent economic and social problems.

6. ARBC 1612 – Arabic Introductory 2B

This unit continues to build your communicative skills in formal and colloquial Arabic through listening, speaking, reading and writing activities in and outside of class. You will communicate about familiar topics using memorized phrases and simple sentences. Preparation for class and active participation in small group activities remain essential components of the unit.

7. ANHS 2605 – Ancient Greek Religion

This unit explores Greek religion as a defining feature of what it meant to be Greek. We will investigate similarities and differences between religious beliefs and practices throughout the ancient Greek world and trace how religion changed over time. Topics addressed include sacrifice, religious festivals and games, the use (and abuse) of divination, and shared notions of purity and pollution.

8. BUSS 1001 – Understanding Business

This unit of study is the first of two junior core units aimed at introducing students to the internal and external contexts in which business operates in the twenty-first century. It also aims to lay the foundations for effective communication (written and oral), critical analysis, problem solving, and team work skills, which are essential to achieving program learning goals. In this unit, students will build an understanding of the dynamics of business through the lens of the company and its stakeholders. Business ethics is also introduced as key learning goal.

9. PSYC 2013 – Cognitive and Social Psychology

This unit expands the depth and range of topics introduced in the first year lectures on Cognitive Processes, Social Psychology and Developmental Psychology. The section on Cognitive Processes focuses on current theories of memory, attention, and reasoning and discusses the methods and issues involved in investigating these processes in both healthy individuals and people with cognitive dysfunctions. The second section on Social Psychology examines salient social constructs such as impression management, and prejudice, and explores how mental processes affect social judgment and behaviour. The final section on Developmental Psychology presents and evaluates evidence about the early influences on children’s social and cognitive development.

10. GOVT 1105 – Geopolitics

This unit will examine how the contemporary international political order has emerged by focusing upon the interplay of diplomatic and strategic issues in the post-war world. It will begin with an analysis of the Cold War and its origins, tracing the development of Soviet-American rivalry, its manifestations in Europe, Asia, Africa and Latin America, and the different ways in which that rivalry was played out. The collapse of the Soviet Union as both a superpower and a state and the disappearance of the communist bloc will be analysed, before surveying the post-Cold War international scene. Among the issues reviewed in the post-Cold War era will be the question of US hegemony and unilateralism vs. multilateralism, nuclear proliferation, the continuing tension between the first and the third worlds, questions of civilisational conflict, non-state actors and terrorism, democratisation, and regional conflict.

11. SPAN 1622 Level 2 Spanish

This unit of study builds on the skills acquired in SPAN1621. It continues to focus on everyday communication but introduces students to more complex grammatical structures such as the past tenses. It also continues our exploration of the history, society and culture of the Spanish-speaking countries.

10 of the Easiest Units at the University of Adelaide

There are lots of difficult units that students at University of Adelaide have to take. Here are some of the easiest University of Adelaide units:

1. PSYCHOL 1001 – Psychology IB

This course, together with PSYCHOL 1000, provides an introduction to the basic concepts and core topics within contemporary psychology. The two courses may be taken singly or in combination. Core topics covered over the year will include the development of the individual over the lifespan; the study of the person in a social context; differences between people with respect to their intelligence and personality; issues related to individual adjustment and maladjustment; the biological bases of behaviour; the interpretation by the brain of sensory signals from the external environment; the mechanisms underlying learning; the encoding, storage and retrieval of information; the nature of motivation and emotion; culture and cross-cultural psychology. The courses will also provide an introduction to the methodological approaches employed by psychologists to study these topics. Major findings to emerge from psychological research will be presented, and the practical significance of such work will be discussed. Practical work will address the conventions of psychological report-writing and the ethical principles underlying psychological research and practice. Pre-recorded lectures will be posted online via MyUni and face-to-face teaching will take the form of interactive lectures and workshops.

2. ECON 1004 – Principles of Microeconomics

The course provides an introduction to a core area of economics known as microeconomics. It considers the operation of a market economy and the problem of how best to allocate society’s scarce resources. The course considers the way in which various decision making units in the economy (individuals and firms) make their consumption and production decisions and how these decisions are coordinated. It considers the laws of supply and demand, and introduces the theory of the firm, and its components, production and cost theories and models of market structure. The various causes of market failure are assessed, and consideration is given to public policies designed to correct this market failure.

3. BIOLOGY 1101 – Biology I: Molecules, Genes and Cells

The study of biology covers an incredibly wide range of themes; from simple molecules, cells, organelles and tissues to whole organisms and their interaction with the environment and their ability to evolve. The aim of this course is to introduce many of these concepts, thereby providing the foundation for further studies in semester 2 courses and more specialist level II/III courses. Topics to be covered include the chemicals of life, macromolecules, the role of nucleic acids in genetic information transfer, protein synthesis, lipid membranes and the structure of cells, storage and utilisation of energy, meiosis and mitosis.

4. ANTH 2053 – Life, Death and Culture

Life and death are the core universals for human beings, yet are the context for key contemporary debates, and a wide variety of practices and beliefs historically and culturally. Debates on such key topics as reproductive technologies, organ transplantation, and the ‘good death’ often encapsulate central social and cultural assumptions. This course explores such debates and assumptions through an examination of the cross-cultural nature of life and death in both western and non-western societies. Both birth and death have been core concerns of anthropology throughout its history, and continue to be the focus of research. Dominant themes of this course are the practices and beliefs at the start of life (conception, and birth), as well as at the end of life, including how connections are forged or severed between the living and the dead (aging, the process of death, grief, funerals and memorials, and the afterlife).

5. PHIL 1110 – Logic I: Beginning Logic

Logic is fundamental to the way humans communicate. Our public debates and private reasoning are shaped by logical principles, even though most of us would struggle to spell them out. Logic I will teach you the basics of formal logic, which provides symbolic methods for representing and assessing the logical form of arguments. No previous experience with symbolic methods or mathematics is assumed. There are no prerequisites, but many students find that Argument and Critical Thinking is a useful preliminary.

6. ANTH 1105 – Anthropology of Everyday Life

This course is an introduction to the discipline of anthropology as the study of everyday social life in a variety of cultural worlds, including our own. The course engages the major themes of anthropology: the concept of culture, how we get along with other people, and the ways in which our everyday lives are made meaningful. These themes are presented through case studies of everyday actions and social relations. Drawing from fieldwork, the main topics include anthropological perspectives on social distinctions, difference and race, everyday resistance, purity and pollution, the production of appetites, the performance of sexuality, embodied experience and inter-subjectivity and presentations of the self both online and offline. The case studies draw from a range of cultural and geographic examples in Australia, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Jordan, Mexico, New Zealand and the United States of America.

7. FREN 1003 – French IB: Beginners’ French

This course continues the intensive language training undertaken in French IA

8. COMMGMT 1001 – Introduction to Management I

This course introduces students to the roles and functions of managers. The content includes an introduction to organisations and the need for and nature of management. It examines the evolution of management theory, organisational environments, and corporate social responsibility and ethics. The course also includes a detailed investigation of the four functions of management: planning and decision making, organising, leading and motivating, and controlling.

9. ECON1012 – Principles Of Economics

This course provides an introduction to a broad range of economic concepts, theories and analytical techniques. It considers both microeconomics – the analysis of choices made by individual decision-making units (households and firms) – and macroeconomics – the analysis of the economy as a whole. The use of a market, supply and demand, model will be the fundamental model in which trade-offs and choices will be considered through comparison of costs and benefits of actions. Production and market structure will be analysed at the firm level. Macroeconomic issues regarding the interaction of goods and services markets, labour and money at an aggregate level will be modelled. The role of government policy to address microeconomic market failures and macroeconomic objectives will be examined.

10. ENGL 1107 – Shakespeare

This course will look closely at four Shakespeare plays, one each from the major genres of tragedy, comedy, history, and romance. The plays to be studied will vary from year to year depending on participating staff members. Topics covered will include character, form, spectacle, theme, sources, the original conditions of production, and the reproduction of Shakespeare’s plays in a contemporary context. Students will be introduced to a range of critical approaches to Shakespeare’s plays, and be encouraged to reflect on questions of canonicity, cultural value and authority, and the politics of production and reproduction. Film and TV adaptations of the plays may be used to enhance discussion and reflection. The course is suitable for students with little or no prior knowledge of Shakespeare and also for those wishing to become more familiar with the playwright’s work. It may be studied as a ‘one off’ course or for the sound basis it will provide for studying some of the advanced courses offered by the Discipline of English, such as Old Texts Made New: Literary Imitation and Allusion, Tragedy, Renaissance Writing and Adaptation.